The ARRSEPedia is the British Army encyclopedia that anyone can edit.


From ARRSEpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Country Of origin Soviet Union
Designation Main Battle Tank
Configuration Tracked
Manufacturer: State Factories
Crew: 4
Length 5.92 m
Width 3.00 m
Height 2.44 m
Weight 30.900 t
Speed 51.5 km/h
Range 302 km
Primary armament 1 x 76.2mm Gun
Secondary armament 2 x 7.62mm MG
Power plant 500 BHP
NBC None
Night None
  • Is the second most produced tank in the world.
  • Was the Soviet tank of choice during World War Two as it was extremely cheap and reliable as well as offering a good combination of mobility armour and firepower.
  • It regarded as the inspiration for modern tank design. Until the T34 tanks either mounted small calibre anti guns - but without an HE capability or low velocity howitzers that couldn't kill tanks. The T34 was the first tank to mount a big enough gun (76.2mm) to do both, with a good mix of sloping armour and mobility.
  • Was a very nasty shock for the Wehrmacht in 1941. It's 76.2mm gun outranged and had higher penetration than any of the German tanks then in service. Its sloped armour and low sillouete made it hard to kill and its speed and reliability gave it operational mobility. The Germans tried to copy it - but designed the Pz V Panther instead. No doubt which was the better tank, but the T34s could be built far faster than the Panthers - and the T34 became the Brandenburg Gate Guardian.
  • Had a design which was adaptable enough to be upgraded to mount bigger and bigger guns as the war developed. The original 76.2mm gun was replaced in 1943 by a larger turret with an 85mm gun. The chassis was used to mount 85mm, 100mm 122mm and 152mm SP guns. This is one reason why so many were made. (Not as easy as it seems. The Western Allies seemed incapable of designing tanks that could be up-gunned to the same degree.)