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[[Category:Regiments and Corps]]
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[[Category:Units and Organisation]]
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==The Womens' Royal Army [[Corps]] (WRAC)==
 
==The Womens' Royal Army [[Corps]] (WRAC)==
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In [[1917]] during the [[First World War]] women were recruited for service with the Army in a non-nursing capacity for the first time. The [[Women's Army Auxiliary Corps]] was formed, later becoming the [[Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps]] when Queen Mary became its Patron. Members of the Corps served with the [[British Expeditionary Force]] in France winning three [[Military Medal]]s for gallantry. It was disbanded in [[1921]].
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In [[1917]] during the [[First World War]] women were recruited for service with the Army in a non-nursing capacity for the first time. The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps was formed, later becoming the Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps when Queen Mary became its Patron. Members of the Corps served with the [[British Expeditionary Force]] in France winning three [[Military Medal]]s for gallantry. It was disbanded in 1921.
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The [[Auxiliary Territorial Service]] was formed on 9 September [[1938]] by order of George VI. More than a quarter of a million members, one of the most famous being the then [[Queen Elizabeth|Elizabeth]] who was commissioned in March [[1945]], served during the [[WW2|Second World War]]. They served in most of the overseas theatres of operation as well as the defence of the United Kingdom, particularly in Anti Aircraft Command. They also served as drivers, orderlies, store women and cooks. 72 were killed in action and 313 were wounded.
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The Auxiliary Territorial Service was formed on 9 September [[1938]] by order of George VI. More than a quarter of a million members, one of the most famous being the then [[Queen Elizabeth|Elizabeth]] who was commissioned in March [[1945]], served during the [[WW2|Second World War]]. They served in most of the overseas theatres of operation as well as the defence of the United Kingdom, particularly in Anti Aircraft Command. They also served as drivers, orderlies, store women and cooks. 72 were killed in action and 313 were wounded.
 
By the end of [[WW2|World War 2]], it was acknowledged that women would be a valuable asset to a peacetime army. Women continued to serve on emergency engagements in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) whilst plans were formulated for a regular Women's Corps.
 
By the end of [[WW2|World War 2]], it was acknowledged that women would be a valuable asset to a peacetime army. Women continued to serve on emergency engagements in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) whilst plans were formulated for a regular Women's Corps.
 
   
 
   
 
==The Post War Years==
 
==The Post War Years==
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In [[1948]] the Secretary of State, Mr Emmanuel Shinwell, made a formal submission to the Crown for permission to raise a Corps of Women for the [[Regular Army]] and [[Territorial Army]]. This received the Royal Assent on 1 February [[1949]] the Women's Royal Army Corps (WRAC) came into being. For the first time women in the army became subject to all sections of the Army Act. Dame Mary Tyrwhitt DBE [[Territorial Decoration|TD]] was the first Director of the WRAC.
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In [[1948]] the Secretary of State, Mr Emmanuel Shinwell, made a formal submission to the Crown for permission to raise a Corps of Women for the [[Army|Regular Army]] and [[Territorial Army]]. This received the Royal Assent on 1 February [[1949]] the Women's Royal Army Corps (WRAC) came into being. For the first time women in the army became subject to all sections of the Army Act. Dame Mary Tyrwhitt DBE [[Territorial Decoration|TD]] was the first Director of the WRAC.
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The Corps was organised into battalions and companies; later into independent companies and platoons and gradually they became integrated with their employing military units. The Corps Charter stated that it was 'to provide replacements for officers and men in such employment as may be specified by the Army Council from time to time'. Women served in over 40 different trades in 20 different [[Arm]]s and [[Corps]].
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The Corps was organised into battalions and companies; later into independent companies and platoons and gradually they became integrated with their employing military units. The Corps Charter stated that it was 'to provide replacements for officers and men in such employment as may be specified by the Army Council from time to time'. Women served in over 40 different trades in 20 different [[Regiments & Corps|Arm]]s and [[Corps]].
    
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, who had been Commandant in Chief ATS since [[1940]], became Commandant in Chief WRAC in [[1949]].
 
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, who had been Commandant in Chief ATS since [[1940]], became Commandant in Chief WRAC in [[1949]].
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[[Northern Ireland]]: Troops were deployed to [[Northern Ireland]] during the troubles in [[1969]] to assist the civilian police to maintain order.
 
[[Northern Ireland]]: Troops were deployed to [[Northern Ireland]] during the troubles in [[1969]] to assist the civilian police to maintain order.
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The [[Falkland Islands]]: After the victory in the [[Falkland Islands]] in [[1982]], a permanent garrison was re-established. On 1 August [[1983]], the first draft of 20 WRAC servicewomen arrived in [[Port Stanley]]. They traveled by air to [[Ascension Island]] and then by sea to the Falkland Islands.
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The [[Falkland Islands]]: After the victory in the [[Falkland Islands]] in [[1982]], a permanent garrison was re-established. On 1 August [[1983]], the first draft of 20 WRAC servicewomen arrived in [[Port Stanley]]. They travelled by air to [[Ascension Island]] and then by sea to the Falkland Islands.
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The [[Gulf War]] [[1990]]-[[1991]]: [[Operation GRANBY]] was the British Army's part of Operation [[DESERT SHIELD]] and [[DESERT STORM]], the multi-national response to the Iraqi invasion and occupation of [[Kuwait]]. Members of the WRAC were employed on [[Operation GRANBY]], as members of the Staff of Commanders, or as individuals with their units. They worked as Staff Officers, Assistant Adjutants, clerks, chefs, communications operators, drivers, intelligence analysts, medical assistants, military police women, and postal and courier operators. Over 200 members of the Corps served in [[Saudi Arabia]] and [[Kuwait]] during Operation GRANBY.
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The [[Gulf War]] [[1990]]-[[1991]]: [[Operation GRANBY]] was the British Army's part of [[Operation DESERT SHIELD]] and [[Operation DESERT STORM]], the multi-national response to the Iraqi invasion and occupation of [[Kuwait]]. Members of the WRAC were employed on [[Operation GRANBY]], as members of the Staff of Commanders, or as individuals with their units. They worked as Staff Officers, Assistant Adjutants, clerks, chefs, communications operators, drivers, intelligence analysts, medical assistants, military police women, and postal and courier operators. Over 200 members of the Corps served in [[Saudi Arabia]] and [[Kuwait]] during Operation GRANBY.
    
[[Iraq]] [[1991]]: [[Operation Safe Haven|Operation HAVEN]] was the mission to provide security and humanitarian support in the move of Kurdish people from refugee camps directly back to their homes. One officer and three servicewomen of the WRAC attached to [[29_Cdo_Regt_RA|29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery]] took part in Operation HAVEN in Northern Iraq.
 
[[Iraq]] [[1991]]: [[Operation Safe Haven|Operation HAVEN]] was the mission to provide security and humanitarian support in the move of Kurdish people from refugee camps directly back to their homes. One officer and three servicewomen of the WRAC attached to [[29_Cdo_Regt_RA|29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery]] took part in Operation HAVEN in Northern Iraq.
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