The ARRSEPedia is the British Army encyclopedia that anyone can edit.

Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search
5,621 bytes added ,  18:18, 20 February 2011
fixed link
Line 1: Line 1: −
[[Category:Regiments & Corps]]
+
[[Category:Units and Organisation]]
Warm, Round and Cuddly and should be screwed against the wall ( racks , geddit ? )
+
http://i189.photobucket.com/albums/z237/Cyril_Clunge/wrac.jpg
 +
 
 +
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c3/Womens_Royal_Army_Corps_Badge.jpg
 +
 
 +
==The Womens' Royal Army [[Corps]] (WRAC)==
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
__TOC__
 +
 
 +
In [[1917]] during the [[First World War]] women were recruited for service with the Army in a non-nursing capacity for the first time. The Women's Army Auxiliary Corps was formed, later becoming the Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps when Queen Mary became its Patron. Members of the Corps served with the [[British Expeditionary Force]] in France winning three [[Military Medal]]s for gallantry. It was disbanded in 1921.
 +
 
 +
The Auxiliary Territorial Service was formed on 9 September [[1938]] by order of George VI. More than a quarter of a million members, one of the most famous being the then [[Queen Elizabeth|Elizabeth]] who was commissioned in March [[1945]], served during the [[WW2|Second World War]]. They served in most of the overseas theatres of operation as well as the defence of the United Kingdom, particularly in Anti Aircraft Command. They also served as drivers, orderlies, store women and cooks. 72 were killed in action and 313 were wounded.
 +
By the end of [[WW2|World War 2]], it was acknowledged that women would be a valuable asset to a peacetime army. Women continued to serve on emergency engagements in the Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) whilst plans were formulated for a regular Women's Corps.
 +
 +
==The Post War Years==
 +
 
 +
In [[1948]] the Secretary of State, Mr Emmanuel Shinwell, made a formal submission to the Crown for permission to raise a Corps of Women for the [[Army|Regular Army]] and [[Territorial Army]]. This received the Royal Assent on 1 February [[1949]] the Women's Royal Army Corps (WRAC) came into being. For the first time women in the army became subject to all sections of the Army Act. Dame Mary Tyrwhitt DBE [[Territorial Decoration|TD]] was the first Director of the WRAC.
 +
 
 +
The Corps was organised into battalions and companies; later into independent companies and platoons and gradually they became integrated with their employing military units. The Corps Charter stated that it was 'to provide replacements for officers and men in such employment as may be specified by the Army Council from time to time'. Women served in over 40 different trades in 20 different [[Regiments & Corps|Arm]]s and [[Corps]].
 +
 
 +
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, who had been Commandant in Chief ATS since [[1940]], became Commandant in Chief WRAC in [[1949]].
 +
 
 +
Her Royal Highness Princess Mary, The Princess Royal, who had been Controller Commandant ATS, became Controller Commandant WRAC in the honorary rank of Major General. Following the death of The Princess Royal in [[1965]], Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Kent became Controller Commandant in the rank of Honorary Major [[General]] in [[1967]].
 +
 
 +
In March [[1950]] [[Field Marshal]] Sir William Slim GBE [[KCB]] [[DSO]] [[Military Cross|MC]] announced  that female officers would use the same tiles as male officers. Previously, they had been known as Subaltern, Junior Commander, Senior Commander, Controller etc.
 +
 
 +
==Trouble Spots World Wide==
 +
 
 +
Since [[WW2|World War 2]], emergencies, security threats and incidents involving the [[British Army]] have occurred worldwide. Members of the WRAC have played a full part in many of these operations such as: [[Malaya]] [[1948]] - [[1960]], [[Kenya]] in [[1954]], the [[EOKA]] campaign in [[Cyprus]] from [[1955]] to [[1959]], the [[Singapore]] riots in [[1957]], [[Aden]] from [[1961]] to [[1968]], the Coup d'Etat in Ghana in [[1966]] and the Turkish invasion of [[Cyprus]] in [[1974]].
 +
 
 +
[[Northern Ireland]]: Troops were deployed to [[Northern Ireland]] during the troubles in [[1969]] to assist the civilian police to maintain order.
 +
 
 +
The [[Falkland Islands]]: After the victory in the [[Falkland Islands]] in [[1982]], a permanent garrison was re-established. On 1 August [[1983]], the first draft of 20 WRAC servicewomen arrived in [[Port Stanley]]. They travelled by air to [[Ascension Island]] and then by sea to the Falkland Islands.
 +
 
 +
The [[Gulf War]] [[1990]]-[[1991]]: [[Operation GRANBY]] was the British Army's part of [[Operation DESERT SHIELD]] and [[Operation DESERT STORM]], the multi-national response to the Iraqi invasion and occupation of [[Kuwait]]. Members of the WRAC were employed on [[Operation GRANBY]], as members of the Staff of Commanders, or as individuals with their units. They worked as Staff Officers, Assistant Adjutants, clerks, chefs, communications operators, drivers, intelligence analysts, medical assistants, military police women, and postal and courier operators. Over 200 members of the Corps served in [[Saudi Arabia]] and [[Kuwait]] during Operation GRANBY.
 +
 
 +
[[Iraq]] [[1991]]: [[Operation Safe Haven|Operation HAVEN]] was the mission to provide security and humanitarian support in the move of Kurdish people from refugee camps directly back to their homes. One officer and three servicewomen of the WRAC attached to [[29_Cdo_Regt_RA|29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery]] took part in Operation HAVEN in Northern Iraq.
 +
 
 +
==Disbandment of the Corps==
 +
 
 +
The Army Board decided that on 1 October [[1990]] the WRAC Regular Officers Permanently Employed with other Corps should be transferred to these Corps. The servicewomen also employed by these Corps followed one year later.
 +
 
 +
In December [[1990]] the Army Board announced the formation of the Adjutant General's Corps. This Corps formed up on 6 April [[1992]] through the amalgamation of the RAPC, RAEC, RMP, All Arms Staff Clerks and the remainder of the WRAC.
 +
 
 +
==External Links==
 +
 
 +
[http://www.wracassociation.co.uk/ WRAC Association Homepage]
271

edits

Navigation menu