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Royal Fusiliers

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The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was an infantry regiment of the British Army until 1968 when it was amalgamated with other regiments to form The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. Obviously it was the other regiments amalgamating into the Royal Fusiliers as whereas the other fusiliers had geographical designations - the Royal Fusiliers with exception to the city of London crap was a national regiment. That and the the fact that the regiment was originally called the "Royal Regiment of Fusiliers" in the late 1600s and early 1700s makes them obviously top of the heap... just saying. It should be known that the regiment was known as the 7th Regiment of Foot until 1881 Westlake, R. English and Welsh Infantry Regiments: An illustrated Record of Service.

Formation

It was formed as a fusilier regiment in 1685 by Lord Dartmouth, George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth, from two companies of the Tower of London guard, and was originally called the Ordnance Regiment. Most regiments were equipped with muskets at the time, but the Ordnance Regiment were armed with fusils. This was because their task was to be an escort for the artillery, for which matchlocks would have carried the risk of igniting the open-topped barrels of gunpowder.

French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars

The Royal Fusiliers formed part of the famed Fusilier Brigade in Wellington's Peninsular Army along with the The Royal Welch Fusiliers at the Battle of Albuhera on 16 May 1811.

The Royal Fusiliers served with distinction in the First World War, raising 76 battalions who wore the regimental cap badge. They served on the Western Front, in Africa, the Middle East and Macedonia. Members of the Royal Fusiliers won the first two Victoria Crosses of the war near Mons in August 1914, and the last two in North Russia. Its war memorial is on High Holborn, near Chancery Lane tube station, surmounted by the lifesize statue of a World War One soldier, and its regimental chapel is at St Sepulchre-without-Newgate. Most of their glory at this time is do to Private Godley and Lieutenant Dease - two tough soldiers who held of throngs of Germans at Mons.

The 38th through 42nd Battalions of the regiment served as the Jewish Legion in Palestine; many of its members went on to be part of the founding of the State of Israel in 1948..

Second World War

The Royal Fusiliers were involved in many notable battles of the war, including Operation Shingle, or as it is now known, the Battle of Anzio. Company C was ordered to hold the bridgehead against a Tiger I tank assault. There were many casualties.

Post 1945

On 23 April 1968 the regiment was amalgamated with the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, The Royal Warwickshire Fusiliers and the Lancashire Fusiliers to form 3rd Bn. The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers.

Colonels

  • –1854: Edward Blakeney
  • 1854–1855: George Brown
  • 1855–1868: Samuel Benjamin Auchmuty

See also

The Royal Fusiliers Company "C" was also mentioned in Pink Floyd's movie "The Wall". It was the company that the character "Pinks" father died in. The Royal Fusiliers is also mentioned in Jeffrey Archer's bestseller novel,"As The Crow Flies". The protagonist of the book, Charlie Trumper, is part of the regiment which fights in the first world war.