Allied Command Europe Mobile Force (Land)
UK’s commitment to NATO's Allied Command Europe (ACE) through the UK contribution to the ACE Rapid Reaction Corps and the ACE Mobile Force (Land) or AMF(L). The first echelon is always held at very high readiness for 'early entry operations' - for example to secure a landing point and possibly to provide an initial military capability. Its second echelon will provide follow-up forces normally held at slightly longer readiness. For AMF(L) land operations the second echelon force could consist of a brigade-sized force. This could range from a commando trained or airmobile brigade or if required an armoured brigade. UK contribution included
1 x Infantry Battalion 1 x Armoured Squadron 1 x Surveillance and Target Acquisition Battery 1 x Artillery Battery 1 x Signals squadron 1 x Engineer Field Troop 1 x Army Air Corps Flight 1 x Transport Squadron 1 x Ordnance Company 1 x REME Workshop 1 x Medical Detachment and an Intelligence Section. The overall personnel total was probably in the region of 1,450 personnel. Under direct control of SACEUR (Supreme Allied Commander Europe)
The field of operation was from Bardufoss in Northern Norway to Erzurum area of north eastern Turkey. The total distance between areas is some 4,000 KMs with the temperature varying between Norway's minus 40o C in winter to Turkey's summer at plus 45o C! As you might imagine, special operating skills only acquired through intensive training are required both by the soldiers of the NATO force and it’s British Support Battalion. The Battalion had to be fully Arctic and warm weather trained, and it works closely with all elements of the NATO Force whatever their nationality.