There is an Arthur C Clarke story where (nearly all) of a crew of a crippled spaceship are resuced en masse by this means. Severe sunburn is the worst most of them get (except for a bloke who screws up his jump).Speaking of The Expanse, I caught up with Season 5 so far on Prime last night. At the end of the most recent episode Naomi takes a deep breath and makes her escape from one spacecraft to another by leaping out into space and allowing her momentum to carry her to the airlock door of the other ship, injecting herself with "hyperoxygenated blood" on the way. Whilst wearing her skintight waistcoat and leggings and nowt else.
Notwithstanding the effect of leaping into a vacuum with a chest full to the brim of air at normal atmospheric pressure and the freezing temperature if I remember rightly from high school physics, as the pressure drops so does the boiling point of water - which is why you can't brew a decent cuppa on the summit of Everest (the example given by my teacher). In fact, the boiling point of water drops to below normal human body temperature in vacuum and so al these movies where the Hapless One in the team gets a tear in their suit or something and the air slowly leaks out and the contents quietly suffocate when, in actuality, on contact with the vacuum or near-vacuum they would boil themselves and burst (we're 75% water, after all), assuming the suit kept them nice and warm.
Our lass jumped into the void nearly naked by comparison and so would probably have suffered a rapid enough drop in body temperature to get a way with a bit of light cell damage from the effect of body heat on the fluid component before freezing to death and her chest exploding long before she got anywhere near wielding the syringe let alone reaching the airlock and pulling herself inside. Pah!!!
Er, I might be overanalysing this a bit...