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Water Wars

Discussion in 'Current Affairs, News and Analysis' started by HectortheInspector, Oct 21, 2009.

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  1. Sailing from Vladivostock to Murmansk direct sort of thinking?
     
  2. This is the dam project that was built principlally on gypsum, if I remember correctly, which was always a big arrse catastrophe in waiting. I recall it was the subject of a documentary (? al Jazeera) a couple of years ago. Indeed, one of the nearby sinkholes in the Gypsum landscape around Mosul was also used as a mass grave by ISIS -
    Horror of Mosul where sinkhole became mass grave for 4,000 of Isil's victims

    Together with leakage of domestic cess pits, general city drainage (such as it is) and other industrial wastewater flows, the seepage is slowly dissolving the limestone, gypsum, anhydrite base around the reservoir, and NGO estimates put the failure of the dam at a minimal cost of 500K - 1M lives.
    http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a472031.pdf

    It is probably already too late to prevent a disaster, as the Italian contract is only a 'boy's finger in the dyke' temporary measure anyhow! The fault was in the original planning and design. Were ISIS not the main problem right now, and the Iraqi government less incompetent, then a different strategy might be adopted. It will fail, much like the state itself, but it will cause further waves of migration and probably assure few will return to the region from the refugee camps in neighbouring states. Various failure models for the dam have been conducted since 1984 -
    https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:976202/FULLTEXT01.pdf
     
    • Informative Informative x 1
  3. Pakistan has apparently got Chinese funding for another big hydro electric dam on the Indus in Kashmir.

    Pakistan now clearly see themselves as part of Beijings 'Belt and Road' project.

    Pakistan eyes 2018 start for China-funded mega dam opposed by India

    Pakistan expects China to fund a long-delayed Indus river mega dam project in Gilgit-Baltistan, part of disputed Kashmir, with work beginning next year, Planning Minister Ahsan Iqbal said in an interview.

    Pakistan has been keen for years to build a cascade of mega dams along the Indus flowing down from the Himalayas, but has struggled to raise money from international institutions amid opposition from its nuclear-armed neighbor India.

    Those ambitions have been revived by China's Belt and Road infrastructure plans for Pakistan, a key cog in Beijing's creation of a modern-day Silk Road network of trade routes connecting Asia with Europe and Africa.

    The $12-$14 billion Diamer-Bhasha dam should generate 4,500 megawatts (MW) of electricity, and a vast new reservoir would regulate the flow of water to farmland that is vulnerable to increasingly erratic weather patterns.
     
    • Informative Informative x 1
  4. Polio making a comeback in Syria. Previously nearly extinct. Cholera and Polio are becoming benchmarks of collapsing sanitation systems. The problem with recurring diseases like this is all that it needs is for one carrier to get on a plane, and you have a public health emergency halfway around the world.

    Syria war: Polio paralyses 17 children in Mayadin and Raqqa - BBC News
     
  5. Interesting article on sediment loss and river estuaries- which is where many cities are built, and which rely on wetlands as part of their flood defences.
    Implications are that increased damming of Asian rivers will leave their coastal areas and urban centres more vulnerable to flooding and storm surges.

    Why the World’s Rivers Are Losing Sediment and Why It Matters