The major accord permits unarmed surveillance flights over dozens of participating countries.
I have heard that Russia proposed bases in Crimea to refuel US planes that was unacceptable for Washington. But hardly it can be viewed as a violation of the treaty. US planes could be refueled in Turkey or Romania.The US has announced it will withdraw from a major accord that permits unarmed aerial surveillance flights over dozens of participating countries.
The Open Skies Treaty came into force in 2002 and is designed to boost confidence and assure against attacks.
But senior US officials said the country was withdrawing due to repeated Russian violations of its terms.
Russia regards parts of Georgia - Abkhazia and S.Ossetia as independent countries and thus not a territory of Russia (btw US and its allies agree that it is not a territory of Russia). But Washington demand that the open skies treaty should be applied to these territories.
There are restriction of flights over big city of Kaliningrad for safety reason. Flights over big cities (as Moscow or New York) are not safe and have to be avoided.
Also there are complains that Moscow denied access to military exercise overflights. Hardly it can be regarded as a violation of the treaty. The treaty doesn't demand access to the skies at any arbitrary moment. After the end of exercises Washington had full access the respective territory to observe it.
Russia's Foreign Ministry insisted that it had not violated the treaty and that a US withdrawal would be "very regrettable", adding that the Trump administration was working to "derail all agreements on arms control".
What do you think about intention of Washington to abandon the Open Skies Treaty?Earlier this month, 16 former senior European military and defence officials signed a statement supporting Open Skies, saying that a U.S. withdrawal from the treaty would be a blow to global security and further undermine the international arms control agreements.
The officials asked the U.S. to reconsider its exit and called for European states to stay in the treaty if the Americans left.