http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/story/0,3604,1324241,00.html The defence industry in the past was at the cutting edge of technology, in a number of areas cilivilian companies are now more advance. * Mobile/Satellite communications. * Microchips. A good example is Intel. The biggest market for microchips use to be the defence sector, now the situation is reversed. NRO (spy satellites), plan to be use the pentium chip (1993 version), not just due to cost but also lack of market clout.