Answer to your first question: Look up the Dred Scott v Sandford case which found its way to the US Supreme Court in 1857. I've referred to it recently somewhere else on the Forum, so won't repeat myself.Bit lazy here but in 1787 when the constitution was signed , slaves were the norm . So does the first paragraph of this memo mean “all” men and women are born free and equal or just those whites in charge at the time?
Has the constitution ever been amended to incorporate say, all men and women born in the USA are free and equal?
Any Arrses know as the slaves in the 1700,1800s might have a bone to pick.
Second question: Thirteenth Amendment.