Shock horror: Too many Army Officers privately educated

Especially since the Army is a tenth the size now as when the rank structure evolved. Probably it could (and should) be simplified to Private-Corporal-Sergeant and Lieutenant-Major-Brigadier-General.

The Romans managed with just Legionary and Centurion after all...
Not quite... ;-)

The rank of centurion was an officer grade that included many ranks, meaning centurions had very good prospects for promotion. The most senior centurion in a legion was known as the primus pilus (first file or spear), who directly commanded the first century of the first cohort and commanded the whole first cohort when in battle. Within the second to tenth cohorts, the commander of each cohort's first century was known as a pilus prior and was in command of his entire cohort when in battle. The seniority of the pilus prior centurions was followed by the five other century commanders of the first cohort, who were known as primi ordines

The six centuries of a normal cohort, were, in order of precedence:
  • The forward hastati (forward spears)
  • The rear hastati (rear spears)
  • The forward principes (forward principal line)
  • The rear principes (rear principal line)
  • The forward triarii (forward third line)
  • The rear triarii (rear third line)
The centuries took their titles from the old use of the legion drawn up in three lines of battle using three classes of soldier. (Each century would then hold a cross-section of this theoretical line, although these century titles were now essentially nominal.) Each of the three lines is then sub-divided within the century into a more forward and a more rear century.

  • Primus pilus, literally First File: The Primus Pilus was the commanding centurion of the first century, first cohort and the senior-most centurion of the entire legion. (Unlike other cohorts, the first cohort had only one javelin century, instead of a "front spear" and a "back spear" century.) The primus pilus had a chance of later becoming a Praefectus Castrorum. When the primus pilus retired, he would most likely gain entry into the equestrian class. He was paid 60 times the base wage. Primus Pilus were also paid more than an average centurion and like a narrowband tribune.
  • Pilus prior: The "front file" centurions were the commanders of the 10 1st centuries within the legion, making them senior centurions of their respective cohorts. While the legion was in battle formation, the Pilus Prior was given command of their entire cohort. The Primus Pilus was also a Pilus Prior, and the most senior of all the centurions within the legion. These positions were usually held by experienced veteran soldiers who had been moved up within the ranks. This rank is subordinate to the Primus Pilus.
  • Primi ordines: The "ranks of the first [cohort]" were the five centurions of the first cohort, and included the primus pilus. They, excluding the primus pilus, were paid 30 times the base wage. This rank is senior to all other centurions, save the primus pilus and pilus prior.
  • Other centurions: Each legion had 59 or 60 centurions, one to command each century of the 10 cohorts. They were the backbone of the professional army and were the career soldiers who ran the day-to-day life of the soldiers and issued commands in the field. They were generally moved up from the ranks, but in some cases could be direct appointments from the emperor or other higher-ranking officials. The cohorts were ranked from the first to the tenth and the century within each cohort ranked from 1 to 6, with only five centuries in the first cohort (for a total of 59 centurions and the primus pilus). The century that each centurion commanded was a direct reflection of his rank: command of the 1st century of the first cohort was the highest, and the 6th century of the 10th cohort was the lowest. Paid ten times the basic wage.
Lower ranks
  • Optio: One for each centurion (59–60), they were appointed by the centurion from within the ranks to act as his second in command and were paid twice the basic wage. Equivalent to a modern First Sergeant or Lieutenant.[11]
  • Tesserarius: (Guard commander) One for each century. They acted as seconds to the Optios and were paid one and a half times the basic wage. Keeper of the watchword, administrative assistant to HQ Staff, third in command of a century. These men fought as normal soldiers when the century they were attached to weren’t in the vanguard. Equivalent to a modern Staff Sergeant.
  • Decurion: Commanded a cavalry unit (turma) of 10 to 30 eques legionis.[11]
  • Decanus: Commanded a contubernium or ten man tent party, eight soldiers and two non-combatants, equivalent to a Sergeant or Corporal. A group of four soldiers would be referred to as a Quaternion.
Special duty posts
  • Aquilifer: A single position within the legion. The aquilifer was the legion's standard– or Aquila (eagle)– bearer and was an enormously important and prestigious position. Losing the aquila was considered the greatest dishonor a legion could endure. This post therefore had to be filled with steady veteran soldiers, with an excellent understanding of the tactics of the legion. He was paid twice the basic wage.
  • Signifer: Each century had a signifer (thus, there were 59 in a legion) and within each cohort the 1st century's signifer would be the senior. He was standard-bearer for the centurial signum, a spear shaft decorated with medallions and topped with an open hand to signify loyalty, which was a rallying point for the soldiers. In addition to carrying the signum, the signifer also assumed responsibility for the financial administration of the unit and functioned as the legionaries' banker. He was paid twice the basic wage.
  • Cornicen (Horn blower): Worked hand in hand with the signifer drawing the attention of the men to the centurial signum and issuing the audible commands of the officers. He was paid twice the basic wage.
  • Imaginifer: A special position from the time of Augustus onwards. Carried the standard bearing the image of the Emperor as a constant reminder of the troops' loyalty to him. He was paid twice the basic wage.
  • Immunes: Immunes were legionary soldiers who possessed specialized skills, qualifying them for better pay and excusing them from labour and guard work. Engineers, artillerymen, musicians, clerks, quartermasters, drill and weapons instructors, carpenters, hunters, medical staff and military police were all immune soldiers. These men were still fully trained legionaries, however, and were called upon to serve in the battle lines when needed.
  • Evocatus: A veteran of the Roman army who had earned his military diploma for military service, but had chosen to re-enlist. They received double pay and were excluded from regular duties, such as manual labour.
  • Duplicarius: A special pay grade that could also be awarded regardless of rank, received double the basic pay.
Ex Int Corps Lance Jack. See what happens when we commission them?
Stealing chocolate and crisps??? FFS - bloody snowflake...

Standards have really slipped since I left...

Back in the day such events usually involved money, alcohol, drink driving or persons of the female persuasion. Sometimes all of them...
I have grown up and I read Uncle Tom’s Cabin in prep school very many years ago. To call anyone “an Uncle Tom” is deeply insulting with racist overtones.
Are you just a troll?
No I am not a troll and stand by my use of the term. As you went to Prep School you are probably a deeply ingrained racist, but I did not and I am not.

Uncle Tom syndrome is a theory in psychology.It refers to a coping skill where individuals use passivity and submissiveness when confronted with a threat, leading to subservient behaviour and appeasement, while concealing their true thoughts and feelings.
No I am not a troll and stand by my use of the term. As you went to Prep School you are probably a deeply ingrained racist, but I did not and I am not.
What an absolutely ridiculous statement, proving my troll theory, you honestly believe that everyone who went to public school is a racist? What a very sad embittered little person you are!
FFS man, do your homework before you post 116 KIDS WERE SMOTHERED TO DEATH IN COAL SLAG. BURIED ALIVE. several men lost their wives, homes and children, the lot, everything.

My bold, I was climbing in north wales when it happened, we made out way south to help, the police turned us back.
I was 13 at the time but I remember stories of the police refusing expert help.
Always useful for kindling in the cruel German winters. Mind you, back then I knew no different, either. Now it’s Montecristo No 2s (or would be if I could afford them).
Watched one bloke who I knew was a VM Cpl walk through the Green zone only to get stopped.
I don't know how many box's of King Teds he had in his suitcase but I would guess at least 20.
He was not happy.
I use the empty boxes to keep my Mongols in.
It was simply more succinct than calling you a misinformed fool. BTW Prep Schools are not Public Schools.
Inasmuch as Heads of Public Schools are members of the Headmasters and Headmistresses Conference, while Heads of Prep Schools belong to the IAPS.
If you define fee-paying day and boarding establishments as Public Schools (obviously in the UK sense), then Prep schools fall within the definition.
No I am not a troll and stand by my use of the term. As you went to Prep School you are probably a deeply ingrained racist, but I did not and I am not.

Uncle Tom syndrome is a theory in psychology.It refers to a coping skill where individuals use passivity and submissiveness when confronted with a threat, leading to subservient behaviour and appeasement, while concealing their true thoughts and feelings.
Why does taking the sensible course when confronted with a threat you cannot defeat require a stupidly insulting name?

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