Raid on St. Nazaire: Operation Chariot During World War II

Discussion in 'Military History and Militaria' started by Gundulph, Dec 13, 2006.

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  1. Apologies if this story has been previously covered, I couldn't find it by doing a search - it is quite long but a 'Right Riveting Read' "No Commando of the day wore the Commando patch if they hadn't completed yomps of 60 miles in 24 hours!"

    Operation Chariot

  2. B_AND_T

    B_AND_T LE Book Reviewer

    This was an outstanding operation.
  3. i still cant understand why a movie hasnt been made about this.
  4. Because it was a spectacular 'British' and not 'SPAM' Raid ... probably... but you are right DrStealth it would make a Top Box Office Film...


  5. B_AND_T

    B_AND_T LE Book Reviewer

    Because of the audacity of it they wouldn't believe it was a true story. Unless of course all credit was given to the spams.
  6. "Troop Sgt. Maj. Haines arrived with a 2-inch mortar in the midst of all this hell, calmly set up his tube and managed to suppress much of the German fire, even though he was firing without sights. When one of the German ships in the St. Nazaire Basin fired on Newman's party, Haines silenced it with a Bren gun."

    Later Maj. George Haines DCM.
    I knew Major Haines very well. A top man with wrists as thick as you arms!
    What the article didn't mention and what my father (Para) used to take the p*ss out of the good RM was how he got out of St.Nazaire after the attack on the dock.
    He and another RM broke into a clothes shop looking for something to disguise themselves; unfortunately it was a women’s clothes shop and all they could find that would cover them were fur coats! They made their way through the streets like two old ladies occasionally opening up on the Germans with the Sten guns hidden beneath their furs!
    It was in all but name a suicide mission. Brave men, all.

    A film was made of the raid back in the 50/60'S but I forget the title.

  7. B_AND_T

    B_AND_T LE Book Reviewer

    Hang on, wasn't it called the CockleShell Heroes or something similar?
  8. Cockleshell heroes was about Canoe raid.

    Film was OK, name was something generic rather than 'St Nazaire' specific, and it wasn't too hot on realism. Mind wandering now to root name out from REMF brain cells.
  9. No, that was the raid on Bordeaux by Blondie Hasler. Similiarly audacious though.
  10. B_AND_T

    B_AND_T LE Book Reviewer

  11. Aha - just located this ...

    I think Gift Horse was b/w and using the Lend Lease angle, whereas Attack was a commando raid on papier maché dock installation.
  12. I told you this ages ago on another thread! Curses will no one listen? Still it would be great to have a remake...
  13. I obviously wasn't listening.

    Now, what did you say again ?.
  14. Any publicity for ’Op Chariot’ (27/28 March 1942), should be welcomed, however, this American effort leaves quite a bit to be desired from the point of the Army Commandos, of which the author appears to appreciate little.

    The article states: ”There would be 256 officers and men in the landing force, drawn from six different commando troops.” A single individual and a whole battalion are both termed ‘a Commando’. Within an original Commando of 500 men were 10 ‘Troops’ of 50 men each, which during the war became modified to a Commando of around 420 with fewer Troops each containing more men – operationally this did vary. The bulk of the Army Commando force came from No.2 Cdo (Newman of No.2 commanding) with 184 men, in the main, having; ”responsibility for neutralising the defences in the docks and providing close protection to the demolition parties”. The demolition parties comprised volunteers from Nos. 1, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 12 Army Cdos, who generally were those who had already been trained in explosives and demolitions.

    Of the 265 Commandos who took part in the raid, there were 59 posted killed or missing and 109 captured. Of the 16 motor launches the Commandos used, plus 1 MTB and 1 MGB, only 5 launches and the MGB returned to Britain, (1 launch suffered engine failure on the way out, where the men doubled up with another).

    On 01/02 June, ’Op Foxrock’ was mounted against St.Valery-en-Caux, along similar lines but smaller scale. This involved 100 men all ranks of No.12 Cdo, who turned back when about 25 miles out after wireless intercepts established German aircraft had detected them.