Everybody can sell goods to the EU. Barnier has been pretty clear that he sees "access to the Single Market" as short hand for the UK continuing to accept EU policy leadership.“Access to the Single Market” simply means ability to sell goods within the EU
It is not clear to me whether, when the UK leaves the EU and the Single Market, it will also choose to leave Europe's societal and regulatory model. That is the key question, and we are waiting for an answer. Because that answer will be key for our future relationship. I hope that our UK friends are reflecting carefully on this issue. Because the UK cannot expect high-quality access to our Single Market if it insists on competing on State aid, social or environmental standards. I would not want to be misunderstood: Competition between our economies is not a bad thing. Countries compete with each other, also within the Single Market. But competition needs to be based on common high levels of standards to make sure it is fair.
The EU opening position is a “free trade area”
The UK’s is a “free trade agreement or ... based simply based on the Withdrawal Agreement..”
Information from UK Parliament on written questions & answers, written statements and daily reports.www.parliament.uk
to be honest the UK appears to be playing to the masses (taking back control etc etc) but everything should be really easily agreed based on current standards as they are common. The issues are IMHO:
(a) when one side of the other change from their current common standards
(b) customs (including the relationship between NI/ROI(EU)/mainland UK).
Here's a paragraph from your first link:
Under this clause the EU raise a dispute with the UK based on a new or existing EU law, the EU court passes a ruling on that law, and the UK is then bound by the EU court decision to following EU law.Should a dispute raise a question of interpretation of Union law, which may also be indicated by either Party, the arbitration panel should refer the question to the CJEU as the sole arbiter of Union law, for a binding ruling. The arbitration panel should decide the dispute in accordance with the ruling given by the CJEU.
Here's the UK's position, where they reject that position.
Any agreement must respect the sovereignty of both parties and the autonomy of our legal orders. It cannot therefore include any regulatory alignment, any jurisdiction for the CJEU over the UK’s laws, ...