Operation Sealion - Airborne objectives

Discussion in 'Military History and Militaria' started by muzzleflash, Nov 30, 2008.

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  1. Checked the usual sources, however have only found limited information regarding propopsed objectives for German Airborne troops during Operation Sealion. Some mention of targets North of Folkestone and crossing points on the Military canal. Can anyone provide any other useful steers?
  2. The Downs above Brighton were also a target, but mainly the crossings over the military canal, as you said. Also i believe 3 groups of Paras, were formed to also grab a couple of the airfields to allow reinforcements for the 7th Flieger Div to come in on day one
  3. Airborne Formations

    7th Flieger-Division (Parachute): Generalmajor Richard Putzier (under Generalfeldmarschall Albert Keßelring’s Luftflotte 2). The division was assigned drop zones in the area of Lyminge—Sellinge—Hythe on the right wing of the 16th Army and tasked with the immediate capture of the high ground north and northwest of Folkestone. The division consisted of Fallschirmjäger Regiments 1, 2 and 3 commanded by Oberst Bruno Bräuer, Oberst Alfred Sturm and Oberst Richard Heidrich respectively, and the Air Landing Assault Regiment commanded by Oberst Eugen Meindl. All four regiments were to be employed in the operation.

    1. Kampfgruppe “Meindl” was to land at Hythe, secure crossings over the Royal Military Canal at and west of Hythe and advance along the line from Hythe rail station to Saltwood to prevent any flanking moves by the British.

    2. Kampfgruppe “Stentzler” led by Major Edgar Stentzler, the commander of the II. Battalion of the Air Landing Assault Regiment was to drop and seize the heights at Paddlesworth and hold off any counter-attacks.

    These two groups would be timed to drop as the landing craft carrying 17th Infantry Division hit the beach near Folkestone.

    3. Kampfgruppe “Bräuer” was to drop an hour later south of Postling. This enlarged group would consist of a complete parachute battalion, a parachute engineer battalion, the antitank company of FJR1, all of FJR2 and FJR3, and an extra battalion as divisional reserve.

    Once landed, Kampfgruppe “Bräuer” was to take Stentzler’s group under its command and the combined force was to take Sandgate and the high ground west of Paddlesworth. FJR2 was to move north of Postling and guard against attack from the north while FJR3 was to secure the western flank with one battalion detached to capture and hold Lympe airfield for a later fly-in by 22nd Air Landing Division, possibly as late as S plus 5.

    22nd Air Landing Infantry Division: Generalleutnant Hans Graf von Sponeck (under OKH control, but temporarily placed under the command of the 16th Army on 20 September 1940)

    Bau-Lehr-Regiment z.b.V. 800 “Brandenburg” (In Invasion of England 1940: The Planning of Operation Sealion, author Peter Schenk notes very little source material exists on the role of the “Brandenburg” commandos in the operation. Schenk reconstructed the probable missions of the commandos from what little exits in the records of the first wave divisions and the recollections of former members of the regiment.)

    You must have seen this than:

    Hope it helps.
  4. Good stuff that !! :)
  5. Not if it had been put into action... :wink:
    Ve would be talking boxhead now, ja? And I would say: "Ach, Gugel ist dein Freund!"
  6. Good find Paramedic. I've also seen something abolut a proposed option for the capture of Hawkinge airfield for subsequent airlanding operations.
  7. How's your Spanish than:


    Yo solimente comprende los mapos ... :p

    Edited to say: "El Googelo es tu amigo!" cringe....
  8. Senor' Babelfish to the rescue:


    It has been spoken much on the hypothetical invasion of England on the part of Germany in the summer of 1940, the one that never was materialized. Of the plans of the Wehrmacht and Kriegsmarine already other collaborators were in charge of “de1939a1945”, with great success by his part. In this brief article we will limit ourselves to defend a plan by which the final result it could completely have been different. It is impossible on the matter to read all the writing and by as much inevitable that analogies between the different theories arise. It is our intention to do it, if it is possible, of an original way. In spite of the precarious thing of the situation of the British Armed Forces after retired of Dunkirk we considered an invasion in an ample front without the total nonviable aerial superiority.

    In this point we agreed therefore with the opinion of German navy. Nevertheless, we aimed at an invasion still more limited, that could be carried out in hardly one week, week and a half at the most, and perfectly attainable in the conditions of August of 1940. The plan is very simple. The primary targets are the aerodromes of Manston, Hawkinge and Lympne; and the ports of Dover and Folkestone. The action would be developed of the following way: Fig 2: The long-range artillery would bomb all night from the French coast during the ports of Dover and Folkestone. During the night, the long-range artillery would attack from France Dover and Folkestone, in a massive bombing according to the first fleet weighed anchor towards its objectives in islands. This convoy would go escorted by a pair of covered with armor (Adm.Sche er and hor Sch arn st, by example) and about 5 destroyers.

    The units to transport, since they would not have to cross great distances, would be two antiaircraft infantry divisions, 5 companies and a pair of light tank companies. These units would wait the arrival of the dawn to act. One hour before the dawn great formation of heavy fighters Messerschmitt Bf110 would have to fly over the parent airfields (Biggin Hill, Croydon, Kenley and Tangmere) of group 11 like decoys for the radio detection control.

    Half an hour before to dawn, the first operation of the invasion would have taken place with the jump of the parachutists of the 7. Fallschirmjäger near the aerodromes of Manston, Hawkinge and Lympne as it is possible to be seen in fig 1. Simultaneously, the invasion units would go towards the ports under fire direct of the escort fleet (the targets would be illuminated by “starshells” shot by same boats). The first hours of the day would be chaotic for the both most delicate sides and. parachutists must meet immediately and coordinate themselves to face the safe one opposition. The Luftwaffe on the other hand would have to establish a continuous umbrella of hunting on zone of invasion, as one is in figure 3. It is evident that the preparations of an invasion would not be any secret for effective British control. It is therefore to wait for a reaction of his naval forces stops Fig 3: The shaded zone shows the effective reach battle of the huntings monomotorcycle head of cattle of the Luftwaffe in the summer of 1940. to strangle the beach heads. Dice so large reduced his, would commit the Royal Navy a to move its ships to the zone of the most dangerous Straits, against Calais.

    Its destiny, if not his destruction, would suppose very important losses. They would accede to the invasion strip from the west and the north. This first would be more dangerous for them and where more possibilities would have the Germans to repel them. It stops more details to see figure 4. Equally, the British earth units available would advance towards the ports with the hope to capture them before the fight was praised/poured off in favor of the invaders. units of parachutists exert because a double paper then, at the same time as they capture aerodromes vitally important, they exert of screen to the counterattacks towards the ports. As soon as it was possible, and under the continuous cover of the huntings, they would have to begin to transport by air (Ju52 or glider) units of mountain infantry stops to reinforce the positions of the parachutists. (Fig 5) Fig.4:

    The intervention of the Royal Navy would be the most powerful weapon to repel the invasion but without a doubt it would be very expensive in own and enemy lives. The invasion would attract the bomber command to the battle in the comfortable zone of reach of the Bf109. The effects would be two:  Aim of the transference of pilots in command of hunting.  the hunting control would be dragged the battle in escort tasks much more uncomfortable that those of free interception. Consequently, the fatigue between the British pilots of hunting would increase and therefore his number of casualties. On the other hand, the pilots German would have more possibilities of returning to the service if they were demolished when being part of the territory (“Hell' s to corner”) under its control. Once insured the ports, would correspond to the units transferred by sea to come together among them throughout the coast and to fill the hollows between the three aerodromes stop to conform a front stable line. (Fig 6). Their units would be reinforced by a second convoy that would transfer two divisions Panzer (for example the 5. and the 7.) and provisions. Without advancing beyond the line marked in the map until reuniting to cash and sufficient means during the time that was necessary, the cover is the responsibility of Bf109 that would rotate in the aerodromes just taken while the Luftwaffe is sent to a campaign bombing of aerodromes to wear away to the hunting control.

    The British aerodromes never completely are suppressed, but this second phase, would provide to the Wehrmacht the possibility of sending a wedge armored by earth towards the interior or a disembarkation more to the north to even create pliers. There is much space for the lucubration. We recognize the dangerous thing of the plan. One has treated as if everything went to leave perfect. What would happen if the invasion convoy is massacreed by British submarines? Or if Royal Navy breaks through relatively undamaged to the zone of invasion?

    Somebody can anticipate a delay in the jump of the parachutists? Or an unfortunate jump on enemy units? The most precarious position always is without a doubt the one of the parachutists. The failure of the plan it would suppose his total losses to the power not to be evacuated. Nevertheless we considered that, no to have to cover great distances (a passage of less than two hours in boat) allows certain flexibility in the date that can arrive the reinforcements. A week and a half to obtain objectives are than sufficient more for this first stage of the invasion. Fig 6: The phase of securing of the bridge heads begins. It is essential that this movement is realised before 24h of the beginning of invasion.
  9. All an enormous bluff? Could Hitler who admitted to being a coward on water ever hope to defeat the Royal Navy?
  10. Slightly off topic but does anyone know the name of the book which was set in a post-successful German invasion of the GB ? I think one was by Len Deighton but there was another one that was supposed to be very good too.

    On topic, there is a friend of mine who is from darkest Norfolk who's father was a teenager up there during WW2. He tells of a group of 'Dutch' contractors who had bought a large chunk of flat land and had built some massive 'barns' for their plant. Shortly after war brok out they were all arrested and never seen or heard of again. Word was that they were 'jerries' who had built a large landing area for possible use by and air-landing force for the invasion. I can't vouch for the info' but I will ask for more details when I see him over Christmas.

  11. There was another one (by Kenneth Macksey?) based, as I recall, on a wargame run at Sandhurst or Camberley in the early 1970s under the aegis of the Sunday Times or Sunday Telegraph magazine. Although still in short trousers at that stage I recall it mainly because the players on both sides were seniorish, if old, players on both sides at the time: I only remember Galland and Foxley-Norris on the air side but others may have better recall. I do, however remember that the Germans lost
  12. It sounds like a slightly modernised and inverted version of The Riddle of the Sands.
  13. "Invasion - The alternate history of the German invasion of England"?

    I enjoy Macksey's work very much.
  14. There’s a number of docus on Britain’s preps and defences, such as ‘The Real Dad’s Army’, and a couple of interesting ‘what if’ films like ‘It Happened here’ and ‘Went the Day Well’.

    On the bookshelf, David Lampe’s ‘The Last Ditch’ is worthwhile if only for the details of the Gestapo Arrest [and elimination] List.

    Re German paras, it’s a common thumbnail that the new Cdos were/were to be deployed against them. Not incorrect but also not a blanket summary. The Cdos were technically ‘disbanded’ from their Combined Ops formation and paced under Home Forces, but as usually the case with the Cdos Units went or stayed in different places and various use was made of them. Some had ‘fire brigade’ designations while some had expendable defensive assignments. 8O