On this day in military history

I thought this could be an interesting idea for a new thread. So please feel free to contribute.

70 years ago today Poland was invaded by German forces, an act which began the Second World War.

The Invasion of Poland in 1939 precipitated World War II. It was carried out by Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small Slovak contingent. In Poland the invasion is also known as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku). In Germany it is sometimes referred to as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or the Polish-German War of 1939. For the German General Staff, it was codenamed Fall Weiss, or Case White.
The invasion of Poland marked the start of World War II in Europe, as Poland's western allies, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand,[8] declared war on Germany on September 3, soon followed by France, South Africa and Canada, among others. The invasion began on 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, and ended 6 October 1939, with Germany and the Soviet Union occupying the entirety of Poland. Although the United Kingdom and France declared war on Germany soon after Germany attacked Poland, very little direct military aid was provided (see Phoney War and Western betrayal).
1864 Confederate troops abandoned Atlanta in the face of continuing attacks by federals under General W.S. Sherman.

1870 Prussian forces defeated the French at the Battle of Sedan in Northeastern France, bringing about the downfall of Napoleon III and the end of the Second Empire (Franco-Prussian War).

This Day in Military History
Tartan_Terrier said:
I thought this could be an interesting idea for a new thread. So please feel free to contribute.

Come the August bank holiday the Germans all made for the Black Sea coast. A typical traffic jam on the Brest-Litovsk bypass...


Poor bloody Poland, only a couple of weeks to go and they`ve got to put up with the mongol hordes invading from the east as well. :evil:
The 2nd of September:

The formal Japanese instrument of surrender was signed aboard the USS Missouri on this day in 1945.

On September 2nd, 1945, senior Allied figures gathered on board the ‘USS Missouri’ to witness the formal surrender of Japan. The Allies were headed by General Douglas MacArthur.

“We, acting by command of and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan, the Japanese Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters, hereby accept the provisions in the declaration issued by the heads of the Governments of the United States, China, and Great Britain 26 July 1945 at Potsdam, and subsequently to by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which four powers are hereafter referred to as the Allied Powers.

We hereby proclaim the unconditional surrender to the Allied Powers of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters and of all Japanese Armed Forces and all Armed Forces under Japanese control wherever situated.

We hereby command all Japanese forces wherever situated and the Japanese people to cease hostilities forthwith, to preserve and save from damage all ships, aircraft, and military and civil property, and to comply with all requirements which may be imposed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by agencies of the Japanese Government at his direction.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters to issue at once orders to the commanders of all Japanese forces and all forces under Japanese control wherever situated to surrender unconditionally themselves and all forces under their control.

We hereby command all civil, military, and naval officials to obey and enforce all proclamations, orders, and directives deemed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers to be proper to effectuate this surrender and issued by him or under his authority; and we direct all such officials to remain at their posts and to continue to perform their non-combatant duties unless specifically relieved by him or under his authority.

We hereby undertake for the Emperor, the Japanese Government, and their successors to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith, and to issue whatever orders and take whatever action may be required by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers or by any other designated representative of the Allied Powers for the purpose of giving effect to that declaration.

We hereby command the Japanese Imperial Government and the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters at once to liberate all Allied Prisoners of War and civilian internees now under Japanese control and to provide for their protection, care, maintenance, and immediate transportation to places as directed.

The authority of the Emperor and the Japanese Government to rule the State shall be subject to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, who will take such steps as he deems proper to effectuate these terms of surrender.

Signed at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 09.04 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945

Mamoru Shigemitsu
By Command and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government

Yoshijirō Umezu
By Command and in behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters

Accepted at TOKYO BAY, JAPAN at 0908 on the SECOND day of SEPTEMBER, 1945, for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan.

Douglas MacArthur
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers

C.W. Nimitz
United States Representative

Hsu Yung-Ch'ang
Republic of China Representative

Bruce Fraser
United Kingdom Representative

Kuzma Derevyanko
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Representative

Thomas Blamey
Commonwealth of Australia Representative

L. Moore Cosgrave
Dominion of Canada Representative

Jacques Leclerc
Provisional Government of the French Republic Representative

C.E.L. Helfrich
Kingdom of the Netherlands Representative

Leonard M. IsittDominion of New Zealand Representative”

Interesting photos of the surrender here:

1969 Military coup in Libya, British forced to leave the bases in Tobruk and El Adam the following April

Thought we were still grumbling into our mead after getting ass kicked by Bill the Conqueror at Hastings then?
The_Kurgen said:

Thought we were still grumbling into our mead after getting ass kicked by Bill the Conqueror at Hastings then?
:D :D

Billy the Bastart - how he must have laughed!!!
Also on the 2nd of September

The Battle of Omdurman

Charge of the 21st Lancers

Battle of Omdurman

On 2nd September Omdurman began, and was the climax of the whole of the Sudan re-conquest. One of the most dramatic actions of the battle concerns the last cavalry charge of the British army, the three hundred men of 21st Lancers. However, it was not a noble or triumphant end to a proud and illustrious element of the British army. After a frustrating lack of action, their commander Lieutenant-Colonel R. M. Martin, seeking to find glory merely got his regiment into a Dervish trap, which led to many unnecessary deaths of both men and horses. He charged at a supposedly small group of three hundred Dervish, who scattered to reveal more than 4,000 concealed in the undergrowth who now massed around the cavalry. The Lancers managed to hack and shoot their way out of the ambush, but not without the loss of twenty-two men, around fifty wounded and more than one hundred horses killed. Three Victoria Crosses were awarded for this action.

This charge was also noteworthy for another reason. It included a young officer, Lieutenant Winston Spencer Churchill who was an additional officer to the 21st Lancers, but in an unofficial capacity without command, and as war correspondent for the Morning Post. Yet he had been forbidden to come to Sudan by Kitchener on account of his previous articles critical of British campaign tactics. Nonetheless he was here anyway.

The main battle, starting at dawn and lasting all morning, was generally dominated by the British accuracy and fire-power with few of the Dervish reaching as close as 500 yards of the British lines. At one point, however, 20,000 Dervish charged a brigade of Egyptian and Sudanese troops, led by Colonel Hector MacDonald (‘Fighting Mac’) that could have changed the outcome. Without MacDonald’s cool bravery and tactical awareness in repelling this attack an entire flank of the main British force would have been cruelly exposed and vulnerable to being overrun by the main Dervish army.

Finally the greater British fire-power won through and the eventual one-sidedness of the battle is demonstrated by comparing the numbers of dead on both sides. The Dervish suffered more than 26,000 dead and wounded whilst the British losses amounted only to forty-eight dead and three hundred and eighty-two wounded.
The 3rd of September


In London... The British ultimatum to Germany expires at 1100 hours and at 1115 hours, Chamberlain broadcasts to announce that the war has begun. Chamberlain forms a War Cabinet, which includes Churchill as First Lord of the Admiralty (which is signaled to all Royal Navy ships and installations with the message "Winston is back") and Eden as Secretary for the Dominions. Churchill and Eden have been the most prominent opponents of an appeasement policy. A Ministry of Economic Warfare is established. The British government also announces the implementation of a blockade of Germany. At 1135 hours, as if to confirm the state of war, there is an air-raid warning in London but it is a false alarm.

Video of the declaration of war: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qtrOJnpmz6s

Sparky2339 said:
The_Kurgen said:

Thought we were still grumbling into our mead after getting ass kicked by Bill the Conqueror at Hastings then?
:D :D

Billy the Bastart - how he must have laughed!!!
Effin arthritic hands
The treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War 3rd Sep 1783
September 5th 1942

Australian troops defeated the Japanese at the battle of Milne Bay


The Battle of Milne Bay (Operation RE) was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. Japanese marines attacked the Australian base at Milne Bay on the eastern tip of New Guinea on 25 August 1942, and fighting continued until the Japanese retreated on 5 September 1942, however armed resistance ended on 7 September 1942. The battle was the first in the Pacific campaign in which Allied troops decisively defeated Japanese land forces, forcing them to withdraw and completely abandon their strategic objective.
The Japanese hoped to secure an air and naval base to provide air and naval support to the Japanese Kokoda Track campaign to take Port Moresby, New Guinea by capturing the newly constructed airfields at Milne Bay.
The British Field Marshal Sir William Slim, who had no part in the battle, said:
"Australian troops had, at Milne Bay in New Guinea, inflicted on the Japanese their first undoubted defeat on land. If the Australians, in conditions very like ours, had done it, so could we. Some of us may forget that of all the Allies it was the Australian soldiers who first broke the spell of the invincibility of the Japanese Army; those of us who were in Burma have cause to remember." [2]
Japanese forces had experienced local setbacks before: their first attack on Wake Island was thrown back, and American Marines defeated the Japanese on Guadalcanal in the Battle of the Tenaru, four days before the Battle of Milne Bay began. But unlike Milne Bay, these actions did not result in complete Japanese withdrawal and the abandonment of the military campaign.

5 Sep 1939 the US Govt proclaimed its neutrality.
Also on this day in military history (if my memory serves me correctly):

641 Battle of Maserfelth: King Penda of Mercia defeats King Oswald of Northumbria.

1689 Pietro Ottoboni elected Pope as Alexander VIII (1689-1691)

1750 Paderborn, Germany, orders annual search of Jewish homes for stolen goods

1757 Battle of Rossbach: Frederick the Great defeats the French

1774 First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia

1775 Continental Navy issues uniform regulations for officers

1781 Battle of the Virginia Capes: de Grasse’s French fleet defeats the British, trapping Cornwallis at Yorktown

1795 US pays Algiers $1 million to ransom 100 sailors

1806 Fra Diavolo crushes a French column near Itri, Naples

1813 USS Enterprise captures HM brig Boxer off Portland, Me

1836 Sam Houston elected president of Republic of Texas

1862 Antietam Campaign: Lee crosses the Potomac into Maryland

1876 Powder River Campaign: Gen Crook defeats the Cheyenne & Sioux at Slim Buttes

1905 Teddy Roosevelt engineers the Treaty of Portsmouth, ending the Russo-Japanese War and winning a Nobel Peace Prize

1914 Britain, France, Belgium, and Russia formally ally against Germany

1914 First Battle of the Marne begins, as French taxis rush troops to the front

1915 Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland

1918 Due to WW I, the World Series begins a month early

1918 USS Mount Vernon torpedoed by a German submarine off France

1923 US Asiatic Fleet arrives at Tokyo to assist after the Great Kanto Plain earthquake.

1933 SGT Fulgencio Batista ousts Cuban dictator Carlos de Cespedes in a coup

1939 FDR creates Neutrality Patrol, to defend hemispheric waters

1942 British and American aircraft bomb Le Havre and Bremen

1943 US airborne troops land at Nadzab, New Guinea

1944 Chinese establish land link to India at the Kaolingkung Pass in Burma.

1961 US resumes nuclear testing after a temporary ban

1968 Hijackers slay 21 on a Pan Am jet in Karachi, Pakistan

1972 Palestinian terrorists murder 11 Israelis at the Munich Olympics

1975 Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme tries to assassinate Pres Ford in Sacramento

1978 Sadat, Begin, & Carter begin a peace conference at Camp David

1984 Discovery completes 12th Space Shuttle mission

2002 Attempt to assassinate Pres. Karzai of Afghanistan, c. 30 die
Dragstrip said:
Also on this day in military history (if my memory serves me correctly):
I think you mean if the 'internet' serves you correctly.

P.S. Please remember the word 'military' in the thread title. Quite a few things on the list have bugger all to do with anything military.

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