He joined after the truce in July 1921 and left in 1922 when it was disbanded. He had previously served a year as an officer in one of the Irish Regiments from 1919-20.Read an account today which implied ADRIC was the home of adventurers and mavericks with lots of booze and women. I don't think they were slavish followers of rules except for when it suited them, many were 'temporary gentlemen' unemployed after WW1. Not the elite the adverts suggested or vastly experienced combat veteran officers from the 'right sort of background' but a very interesting bunch. Check out 165 Interesting ADRIC men I wish I had been any one of them.
What is interesting is Dave Allen's dad who was an Auxie in a fairly controversial Company, left to join the Palestine Police then returned to Dublin to take over a Newspaper without it seems comment from the IRA. Strange bunch of people.
Most of the pre war officers had been killed off during the war. Most of the ADRIC were from upper working class/lower middle class backgrounds. They were from a variety of Regiments and Corps, and included RAF, RM and RN. A lot of them had seen action in the war, as can be seen from the medal ribbons. They included 3 awarded the VC. There were Australians, Canadians, and even an American amongst there number. One of the men murdered at Kilmichael was ex RFC/RAF with a DFC and 9 victories to his credit.
Officers at that time were awarded a bounty of about £1500 at the end of their military service, so they were not destitute when they applied. Pay was a pound a day all founded. At the end of their contract when they were disbanded in 1922 they were awarded an average bounty of £365.
The ADRIC were a means to an end. By 1920 the British had let the situation drift until Ireland was virtually ungovernable. You have to remember the world situation at the time. A World war like no other up to that time had just finished. The British had suffered a million dead, was broke and exhausted. The army was in a state of flux with the survivors of the war being demobbed and their places taken by raw recruits.
Old orders which had ruled for centuries like the Hapsburgs, Czars, and Ottomans had been swept away. There was a big civil war in Russia with low level civil wars in German,y Finland and elsewhere.The Poles under General Pilsudski had just given the Russians a good shoeing at the 'Miracle of the Vistula'
There was trouble in the Empire in Iraqi and India with the Amritsar affair, plus the Afghani's attempting a sneaky land grab in 1919.
At home there were strikes by soldiers angry at the delay in demobilisation, and by the police at poor terms and conditions. The Government were worried that the reds and the bolshevic's were going to rise up and seize power.
Add to this a pandemic with the Spanish flu. And then on top of this the paddies start playing up again.
The RIC Special Reserve with its influx of men with military service stablised the situation with holding ground with regard to RIC stations and were a static force intergrated with, and under the command of regular RIC officers. The ADRIC were organised in company strengh in different locations around the troubled areas. Their Company and Platoon officers were elected by their men usually being former company officers of Major and above.
Much of their performance and subseqent behaviour depended on the strengh of character of these men. They must have been dificult to handle being such a diverse bunch and being former officers doing what was basically a private soldiers job. K company was disbanded after they got out of control in Cork. Their was quite a turnover of personnel during their 17 month existance, with an averarage strengh of 1500 out of 2300 shown as having served.
At the end of the day the ADRIC with their constant raids on the IRA, backed up an army surge and marshall law forced Collins to the negotiating table where the treaty he signed was basically what was on offer in 1914. The British Government was then able to claim that 'It had been able to finally solve the Irish question', and hope that they didn't have to hear too much about the place again. Little did they know.
So, harsh method's looking from todays liberal viewpoint, even regarded by the King and public at the time with dismay, but with all history it must be looked at from the context of the time.