Irish War of Independence centenary

OK, I'll Bite

how does de Valera dodge the US Draft in 1917-18 when first he is in a British Prison until his release & election?
from the wording of the 1917 US selective service act he wasnt required to register

As I said in a previous post, it was a joke (that obviously fell flat). I was referring to his being in the US while the fighting was going on in Ireland. Dodging the draft is a euphemism for avoiding military service.
 
4 September 1921

Michael Collins travelled to Armagh to make a speech. He is actually the MP for the city but sits in the Dáil rather than the NI Parliament. Harry Boland and Seán Ó Muirthile* travelled with him, arriving around midday. Eoin O'Duffy was the warm up act, whipping up the crowd with an account of the recent violence in Belfast. Collins speech attacked Partition and the NI government

While there was no violence at the rally, a car carrying two IRA men took a wrong turn on the way south and drove into a loyalist area. In an exchange of gunfire, the two men were seriously wounded. John Quigley was fatally wounded and died within a short time in Dundalk. The driver of the vehicle, Edward Hanna, from Newry, was seriously wounded but survived.

Basil Thompson, Senior Scotland Yard Detective, announced that he is to retire soon.

* Muirthile was QMG in the Free State Army so presumably held a similar role in the IRA.
 
5 September 1921

A group of County Councillors from South and East Down met in Castlewellan to in an attempt to remove themselves from Northern Ireland. They said their region was more populated than 15 other Irish counties, and they had no wish to remain in the North.
 
With the Truce negotiations rapidly approaching on the timeline from 100 years ago i thought i would post this link:


Possibly quite apt to get some background info and a nod to Gary who is reminding us that even though the shooting has (officially) stopped there is still plenty of moving parts in the background going on.
 
7 September 1921

The British Cabinet met in Inverness Town Hall, its first ever meeting outside England. They decided to invite De Valera to a conference in Scotland on September 20th with the condition that Ireland leaving the Empire was off the table. Robert Barton received the cabinet's proposals at 3.30 pm and departed for Dublin. British ministers went back to London, while a courier was despatched to Balmoral to brief the King.

In Kildare IRA Volunteers entered several public houses to enforce licensing laws. They ejected scores of drinkers for breach of the laws.
 
28 August 1921

In Newtownards, William Coote, the MP for Fermanagh and Tyrone, called on Lloyd George to drop talks and any future accommodation of Sinn Féin. He also echoed calls for the resignation of the Northern Ireland Minister for Agriculture, Edward Archdale, for appointing a Catholic to his team.

In one of largest crowds since Bloody Sunday, 20,000 people attended the Leinster Football Final between Kildare and Dublin in Croke Park. The game ended in a draw and Dublin went on to win the replay on 18th September.

A group of people entered the orchard of Patrick Walsh in Cappamore, Co. Limerick and stripped the trees of their fruit. Walsh was interned on Bere Island at the time. The local IRA apprehended the fruit thieves.

A veteran New Zealand MP, named William Jennings, visited Ireland. Jennings was on a tour of Europe to visit the graves of two of his sons who died during Great War. One was killed in Gallipoli, and one died of wounds in Athlone. After a short search I found the two sons, Private Edgar Jennings was killed on 3 August 1915 and is buried in Shrapnel Valley Cemetery in Gallipoli. His brother Second Lieutenant Harold Jennings, RFA, was wounded at Loos on 29 September 1915 and died of blood poisoning on 29 February 1916 in Athlone. He is buried in Cornamanagh Cemetery.

The WW1 commemoration in my home church lists a few serving in Canadian and New Zealand Regiments/Corps.
 
8th September 1921

Michael O’Brien aged 18, died in the Mater Hospital in Dublin. He was fatally wounded while engaged in military training at Killester. O’Brien, a canteen worker in Trinity College, was a member of Fianna Éireann.

Robert Barton arrived in Dún Laoghaire on the 5.45pm mail boat. He is met on the pier by Erskine Childers and the two men go to de Valera's house in Blackrock. The three then travel to the Mansion House where Lloyd George's note is typed and given to press. In the Mansion House LG’s note is considered by de Valera, Collins, and Griffith. They believe it impossible to accept any invitation to negotiations if a Republic is off the table.

Lloyd George also replied to the Trade Union Congress in Cardiff that no-one opposes a resumption of war in Ireland more than the Government but ‘bloodshed is better than the disruption of a living political organism whose unity is essential to world’. If Ireland had known how essential the UK was they probably wouldn’t have bothered with the revolution at all.
 
9th September 1921

Representatives from Unionist and Nationalist areas met in Henry Street Police Barracks, Belfast and agreed an unofficial truce.

internment camp 1921.jpg


In D Hut in the Rath Internment Camp on the Curragh, more than fifty internees escaped through a tunnel. The plan had been for a mass braek out but the men in D Hut jumped the gun and legged it early. The tunnel was dug by a miner from Cavan named Jim Brady. In the aftermath of the escape, the head count of internees by the British Army (above) was captured on a smuggled camera by Joseph Lawless, an IRA Volunteer.

An inner cabinet meeting of de Valera, Collins, Stack, Griffith, Brugha, and Cosgrave resumed their deliberations on Lloyd George’s latest note.
 
11 September 1921
hurling.jpg

Kilkenny and Dublin played the Leinster Hurling Final in Croke Park. Michael Collins threw in the ball to begin the game, which was photographed for posterity. Dublin won by 8 points. The hurleys look odd and extremely long in comparison to the modern ones. Coincidentally Limerick won the All Ireland championship for 1921 as they did this year, although the 1921 final wasn't played until March 1923.

In Blackrock, Cork Irish Republican Police shackled a young man who had committed some crime to the church railing before mass. AN attached card listed his crimes. After being viewed by the congregation the Parish Priest orders him to be freed.
 
12 September 1921

The Dáil met to nominate the team of plenipotentiaries for the forthcoming conference, which included Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, Robert Barton Eamon Duggan and George Gavan Duffy. Erskine Childers would act as secretary to the delegation. With the negotiators nominated, de Valera sent off a letter to LG saying Britain must recognise Ireland as a foreign power. As can be imagined, LG took it well.
 
12 September 1921

The Dáil met to nominate the team of plenipotentiaries for the forthcoming conference, which included Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, Robert Barton Eamon Duggan and George Gavan Duffy. Erskine Childers would act as secretary to the delegation. With the negotiators nominated, de Valera sent off a letter to LG saying Britain must recognise Ireland as a foreign power. As can be imagined, LG took it well.
And so it begins...
 
13 September 1921

And so it begins...
Not quite yet.

A number of Dáil representatives travelled to Scotland to deliver De Valera’s latest message. Robert Barton, Harry Boland and Jospeh McGrath get a mention in various accounts. They met for an hour with Lloyd George who refused to accept the letter if the clause demanding recognition of Ireland as a sovereign nation was left in. The lads went back to Dublin after the meeting.
 
Interesting article in the Daily Mail with all the expected errors, mistaking a Free State firing squad for the Black and Tans and reference to "a" Slievenamon armoured car, but the photographs are worth looking at.

 
Interesting article in the Daily Mail with all the expected errors, mistaking a Free State firing squad for the Black and Tans and reference to "a" Slievenamon armoured car, but the photographs are worth looking at.



Interesting article. My grandfather was in the Irish army in that time period.

One has to wonder what happened to the job of sub-editor on the Wail when they write cobblers like this:

Approximately 1700 people died during the Irish Civil War which ended with victory for leader Michael Collins in 1923. Collins was killed in an ambush on 22 August 1922


Tonight at 9pm on BBC 1 is: Patrick Kielty: One Hundred Years of Union

On the 100th anniversary of its creation, Patrick Kielty explores what the future holds for Northern Ireland.
He investigates why a new trade border in the Irish Sea has led to violent protests, sparking fear among some of a return to conflict, nearly 25 years after the end of the Troubles; a conflict which claimed thousands of lives, including that of his father Jack Kielty [My edit: who was shot by the UFF/UDA in 1988].​
In this very personal film, Patrick’s focus is on a new generation born long after the ceasefire, as he tries to understand what is driving this new wave of unrest, particularly in loyalist communities. He also explores why some feel that a united Ireland could now be on the horizon and how the trauma of Northern Ireland’s past is shaping its future.
 
14 September 1921

Francis Reilly, aged 13, was shot in the chest as he played with other boys on the corner of Seaford Street, Belfast. Reilly was rushed to the Mater Hospital with serious wounds but appears to have survived. The attack started a new round of sectarian violence.

John McNally, age 2 years wasn’t as lucky. He was hit and killed by an RIC lorry driven by Constable John Richardson at Adavoyle, Armagh.

In Dublin, Dáil Éireann appointed five plenipotentiaries for a potential peace conference the following week in Inverness. They were Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins, Robert Barton, Eamonn Duggan, and George Gavan Duffy. Out on the steps of the Mansion House a woman holding a green flag, a Union Jack, and a bible began to shout Bible verses and that she was an Irish Protestant. Volunteers led her away.

The Cork Constitution (the newspaper not the Rugby club) reported that marauding tramps were becoming a problem in Cork, and that Volunteer police were doing their best to tackle the problem. In one case of a man harassing young girls, Volunteers apprehended a suspect and gave him a beating.
 
15 September 1921

Rival groups clashed on Vere Street, Belfast, initially throwing stones and bottles before the gunfire started. Two women were shot and wounded. Sarah Dunlop was hit in the head, with the same bullet travelling on to hit Jane Carroll in the leg. Both women appear to have survived.

In Drogheda, striking workers seized control of Drogheda Foundry and announced their intention to run the company as a soviet. The short-lived soviet ended when several lorries of RIC turned up and expelled them from the premises.

In Armagh City Hall, a large group of public representatives met to voice their objection to County Armagh being a part of Northern Ireland.

Lloyd George wrote to de Valera cancelling the proposed conference at Inverness and reiterating his anger the letter of the 13th. On the same day the Irish Bulletin published the offending letter, claiming Ireland would attend the conference as a sovereign nation.

Fr. William Kennedy, President of St. Flannan's College in Ennis, and an internee on Bere Island had been in solitary confinement for the past nine weeks. He had been kept under canvas in damp conditions which affected his health.
 
16 September 1921

In Cookstown, Co. Tyrone, a group of IRA Volunteers on bikes were stopped by B Specials. Their bikes were destroyed and the men were beaten with John Glackin being shot in the leg.

In Kilworth Internment Camp, Co. Cork almost all of the 30 prisoners that remained in the camp were found to have escaped through tunnels.

The Commander of the Benicia Arsenal in San Francisco denied rumours that obsolete weapons from the arsenal had made their way to Ireland after being purchased by sympathetic Irish American republicans.

A deputation from Armagh opposing partition was received by de Valera in the Mansion House. He told them their case will be presented as part of talks with the British government in the coming months. Along with parts of Co. Down, an area with a population of 375,000 people opposed Belfast rule.

Meanwhile in Belfast William Coote, a staunch Loyalist, said he saw nothing but anarchy within five years for Southern Ireland with Sinn Féin having to with Soviets in every port and factory as industry and economy ground to a halt.

De Valera sent Lloyd George a telegram in which he expressed his surprise that the Inverness conference had been cancelled. He said that he could not accept any invitation to talks without setting out the position of Ireland as being sovereign and he was simply outlining the Irish position clearly. He added that if a conference was held “without prejudice”, then his delegates would travel.
 
17 September 1921

More telegrams between Lloyd George and De Valera. LG responded that a conference without prejudice would constitute a formal and official recognition of Ireland's severance from the King's dominions. De Valera responded that night reiterating his call for a conference without conditions.

Linda Kearns, who had nursed combatants from both sides during the 1916 Rising, was moved from Liverpool’s Walton Prison to Mountjoy Prison in Dublin. She was serving 10 years penal servitude, having been arrested while transporting arms in Sligo in November 1920. Having been on hunger strike, Kearns was in very poor health and was moved to the prison hospital. She escaped from Mountjoy in October.

The inaugural season of the new League of Ireland kicked off. There were only eight teams involved, all from Dublin. They were Bohemians, Dublin United, Jacob’s, Frankfort, Olympia, St. James Gate, Shelbourne and YMCA. St. James Gate went on to win the league title on 17th December.
 

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