Irish War of Independence centenary

Did a tour of the island 3 years ago.
To my intense amusement stayed / ate / drank in 3 IMPERIAL Hotels - Bundoran, Youghal and Dundalk !

There's street in Clonmel named Irishtown. It's a street now but originally it was the area outside the town walls where the native Irish lived and included several streets and lanes. Edited to add that one of those streets is still called Albert Street.
 
Another picture of the same event:
View attachment 597310
Someone has coloured that image, Rob Cross I'd suspect.
Dail.jpeg
 

Joshua Slocum

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No idea....one for @Joshua Slocum ?

Limelight not used after the 1890s very much
also generates a lot of heat, so of no use at high level ( and fire risk)
usually used in open enclosures in safe areas

nor arc lights, they are generally used in open housings, used to be used in streetlights, but they spit hot embers !
although arc lamps were used for high power external units such as searchlights, where ease of changing the carbons played a part
also Cinema Projectors had carbon arc lamps, but these rarely lasted longer than 25 minutes, which is why film was supplied on rolls lasting 22 minutes ! allowing the operator to change to another projector for the next roll, while letting the first one cool enough to change the carbons, although most features had 4 projectors installed

oddly with technology we now have carbon arc lights with fancy gases that last ages

another problem with arc lights is the terrific amount of UV they produce, so every one would need sun glasses
a problem they found in the film industry, until the realised you could used a sheet of treated glass to restrict the UV

the fittings are probably incandescent with Tungsten filament lamps manufactured by Swann
there would have been a highly polished reflector, a glass safety cover, and an array of 8 to 12 lamps
the reason you see the effect of the beams, is that a slow shutter speed was used and fast film and black and white
also many people would be smoking and that would enhance the effect
in the mid 30s discharge lamps came into being, but unlikely to be seen here

another odd fact, the stage crew always used the term floats, for the light used above the stage, this is because the earliest ones had a wick floating in oil in a metal tray
 
18 August 1921

It was agreed that Parliament would be adjourned subject to recall should the government’s offer to Sinn Féin be rejected and a resumption of war in Ireland became necessary. Apart from Ireland the British cabinet was discussing how to fúck up the middle East by creating a Jewish state in Palestine.
 
The Walter Raleigh in Youghal is better :D
The one on the east side of the town, which has an old shop at the front, and goes a long way back – beside the narrow road up the hill to the Church of Ireland…

Went in at 6 o’clock for a quick pint, before motoring on towards Waterford…
Came out shortly before 11 pm, and wandered down to the Imperial to get a room.

Amongst other entertainments was a high born Pakistani or Indian telling me how he used to organise cricket on the beach
 
19 August 1921

General Macready reported in a memorandum to Government, that the military was prepared to take over the administration of all of southern Ireland under Martial Law. This move had already been agreed by Cabinet back in June and would have come into force on July 14th but for the Truce.
 
The one on the east side of the town, which has an old shop at the front, and goes a long way back – beside the narrow road up the hill to the Church of Ireland…

Went in at 6 o’clock for a quick pint, before motoring on towards Waterford…
Came out shortly before 11 pm, and wandered down to the Imperial to get a room.

Amongst other entertainments was a high born Pakistani or Indian telling me how he used to organise cricket on the beach

I remember now.
He was the son of the former Attorney-General of Pakistan.
He must’ve told me how he arrived in east Co.Cork about the 6th pint – so I forget that bit.
 
20 August 1921
In Glasgow all the defendants on trial for the murder of Police Inspector Robert Johnston are found not guilty and released. As they were leaving court, a defendant named Mitchell, was re-arrested for escaping from Strangeways Prison.

In Rath Internment Camp on the Curragh, a lorry load of timber drove into the wrong camp. As it was turning to leave, Jim Staines jumped aboard, concealed himself, and escaped.

In Dublin Éamon de Valera called Michael Collins into a meeting and informed him that should talks on an agreement resume in London Collins would be attending in De Valera’s place.
 
Pretty much stiched Big Mick up as the fall guy to preserve his nationlist reputation as he must have guessed what the final result would be, the slimy b*stard. I can see why some people in Ireland say it should have been 17 not 16 in 1916.
Back in May the Irish Times ran this story giving De Valera's reasons for not going. Unsurprisingly it is still a debating point with some to this day.


Personally i believe he should have gone.
 
23 August 1921
The Northern Cabinet agreed that Stormont Castle would be the permanent site of the Northern Houses of Parliament.

Edited to add;
I had assumed that Stormont was an existing building, It seems the Northern Ireland Government approved the purchase of an estate east of Belfast for £20k for the construction of the parliament building which would not be completed for another eleven years

An inner Dáil cabinet of 7 was formed consisting of DeValera, Collins, Griffith, Cosgrave, Stack, Barton and Brugha. This excluded Markievicz, MacNeill, & Plunkett. MacNeill having been elected Speaker of the Dáil obviously could not be in the Cabinet but the other two were die hards that De Valera wanted sidelined. Cathal Brugha proposed to formally give DeValera the title of President of the Republic. Officially he’s only President of Dáil Éireann

Lyster & Son's Saw Mills burned to the ground in Athlone, Co. Westmeath. RIC and IRA worked to prevent the fire from spreading to neighbouring buildings.

Patrick Connoloe, was shot at by three masked men in Leamenah, Co. Clare as he was cutting hay. Patrick survived although one of his horses died. The shooting was put down to an agrarian dispute.

The returns from the census of Great Britain were announced. Despite the Great War, the population had increased but women outnumbered men by 1.72 million. No census had been taken in Ireland due to the War of Independence. Our next census would be in 1926.

At Farnborough, Hampshire, Louis Brennan, was at the late stages of the development of an aircraft that could take off vertically. The craft was known as a helicopter. Brennan was a native of Castlebar, Co. Mayo.

 
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24 August 1921
De Valera sent another letter to Lloyd George hardening the Irish stance and saying if the British wanted war then the Irish would facilitate them. The Dáil is not a happy place with De Valera trying to weasel his way out of a republic while not getting blamed for abandoning the idea. Collins was annoyed because the politicians were talking tough, safe in the knowledge they wouldn't be the ones doing the fighting. Lloyd George, meanwhile, was packing his bags and getting ready to go to Scotland on holidays.

Edited to add;

Six Special Constables went on trial in Derry, charged with the murder of Joseph Hayden in Gortfad, Co. Tyrone on 19th May. They were Robert Hutchinson, William Crooks, Duncan Jordan, Robert Black, William Jordan, and Howard McNeill. All six are from Cookstown, Co. Tyrone.

Tensions arose between the RIC and the IRA in Bandon, Co. Cork. A policeman had seized a car belonging to a Volunteer, deeming it a truce violation. The IRA subsequently arrested two policemen.
 
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25 August 1921

Charles Green died in the Royal Victoria Hospital Belfast. He had been shot during a robbery of his shop on 6th August.

RIC Constable Thomas McDonnell drowned while swimming.

Lloyd George went off on his holidays to Scotland with the wife and mistress. He told Cabinet that De Valera could meet him there or meet with Chamberlain in London.

Derry Corporation passed a motion (by 22 votes to 12) declaring non-recognition of the Belfast parliament.
 
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in what way?
It was obvious from De Valera's talks with Lloyd George that a Republic wasn't going to happen. Suddenly Dev declares that he isn't a doctrinaire republican.

De Valera will take whatever independence the Brits give him but the republican hardliners in the Dáil, like Brugha and Stack, aren't buying that. Dev, sets Collins up to fail to deliver the Republic in the subsequent Treaty negotiations knowing before the negotiations begin that there is no possibility the British will concede on the issue.

It's interesting how the events are the result of power struggles between the individuals involved for personal gain. De Valera came out on top, losing the war, but winning the peace. Basically he didn't care what form of government Ireland had as long as he was running it.
 

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