A few years ago, a friend and I were playing the wargame War in the Pacific. The Indian Army formations in the game were on average rated significantly lower in proficiency than their British Army counterparts. My friend complained that this was an artefact of racist patronization on the part of the game developers. This topic of conversation came up again recently, and I thought I'd ask the knowledgeable people around here about it. Recently, I came across what may serve as at least a partial explanation for lesser Indian Army capability at the start of the war: language. Apparently, while during peacetime, British officers assigned to the Indian Army were required to learn Urdu, officers sent during wartime usually hadn't learned the language, making communications with subordinates night impossible. Compounding this problem, many new Indian inductees didn't speak Urdu themselves, so they couldn't even talk with their NCO's. Apparently the Indian Army also was only at 50% officer strength. Can anyone confirm the above, and perhaps elaborate on the issue?