WW1 campaign against German colonies in West and East Africa, Pacific and China are little known about today -
First World WarMain article: South West Africa Campaign
Map of the 1915 South West Africa Campaign
During the First World War, South African troops opened hostilities with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station on 13 September 1914. German settlers were transported to concentration camps near Pretoria and later in Pietermaritzburg. Because of the overwhelming numerical superiority of the South African troops, the German Schutztruppe, along with groups of Afrikaner volunteers fighting in the Maritz Rebellion on the German side, offered opposition only as a delaying tactic. On 9 July 1915, Victor Franke, the last commander of the Schutztruppe, capitulated near Khorab.
Two members of the Schutztruppe, geography professors Fritz Jaeger and Leo Waibel, are remembered for their explorations of the northern part of German South West Africa, which became the book Contributions to the Geography of South West Africa (Beiträge zur Landeskunde von Südwestafrika).
PostwarAfter the war, the territory came under the control of Britain and then was made a South African League of Nations mandate. The colony developed peacefully under British rule. In 1990, the former colony became independent as Namibia, governed by the former liberation movement SWAPO.
German legacyMany German names, buildings, and businesses still exist in the country, and about 30,000 people of German descent still live there. German is still widely used in Namibia, with the Namibian Broadcasting Corporation operating a German-language radio station and broadcasting television news bulletins in German, while the daily newspaper Allgemeine Zeitung, founded in 1916, remains in publication. Deukom, a satellite television service, offers television and radio channels from Germany.
In addition, Lutheranism is the predominant Christian denomination in present-day Namibia.