I posted this to Op Granby the other week. I think you'll find it interesting re JP233:
Was not the real estate an issue in terms of the sheer size of facility to fly over, thus extending exposure?That was because the Iraqi airfields were so damned big. They could operate from taxiways when the runways were out of action - H4 (or was it H3?) was/is larger than Heathrow; from memory H’row would need a fourth runway to match it. JP233 was designed to take out smaller airfields in Europe, so the need for multiple re-attacks on the larger Iraqi air stations was problematic.
The need for JP233 went when the IqAF started flying only for the pupose of fleeing to Iran. With aircraft in the HAS and not dispersed, the F-111 and TGR with laser guided weapons could start HAS plinking, and did so, as did the Buccs when they started carrying a Paveway or two and self-designating.
JP did its job - they closed down air ops. The single a/c lost on JP ops (100+) had dropped its weapons successfully and flew into the ground in a turn iirc.once they stopped the insanity of JP233 it did just fine.
Was the ‘insanity’ because in hindsight we didn’t need to deploy a capability we had armed and trained for which was probably not insane in CW ops?JP did its job - they closed down air ops. The single a/c lost on JP ops (100+) had dropped its weapons successfully and flew into the ground in a turn iirc.
Most losses were iron bombs, lofting, apart from one which they think was 960 fuze fault.
I did hear a rumour of someone in the UK suggesting JP could be used on non airfield targets and getting a very forceful rejection.It may not even have been shot down; there’s a belief that they were manoeuvring to avoid a threat as they came off target and flew into the ground. Of the other five UK losses, three were low level with 1,000lb bombs aboard; one was at medium altitude when its bombs detonated as they left the aircraft and the final loss was at medium altitude on a PGM sortie. The Italian Tornado that was lost had just carried out a singleton attack (the rest of the formation had been forced to abort) on an ammo dump when it was hit by a ZSU-23-4.
It was the only way of delivering JP233, and despite a lot of work suggesting the RAF was the only service doing this attack profile, the USAF & USN did so as well. This was how a B-52 was struck by a HARM...
Much of the controversy was generated by DLB claiming that senior RAF officers sought to mandate continuance of Ops at low level after the move of most - but again not all - coalition forces to medium altitude. He was sort of right about interference from the UK, but the currently available evidence suggests that Bill Wratten (not a shrinking violet, and probably only denied the title of ‘most disliked officer in the RAF’ by the Scottish Air Marshal) invited those seeking to intervene to get stuffed with their tactical ideas and to instead send out Buccaneers with Pave Spike to allow the TGR to be effective at medium altitude.
The TGRs did go in low level longer than was perhaps desirable, but much of the controversy was reignited/overblown by the likes of Page and Ward. The Jag force went in at ML from the off.
On a course we were being taught by a Tornado backseater and were swapping war stories. He was on Granby and was told that in order to evade a particular missile all he would have to do would be to pull a 3G turn and it would lose lock.It may not even have been shot down; there’s a belief that they were manoeuvring to avoid a threat as they came off target and flew into the ground.
Brimstone, or if qualified for it Hellfire.What weapon would the F-35 (or can we call it a Lightning?) use against a FIAC?
During Operation Praying Mantis, US Navy aircraft used cluster bombs against Iranian Boghammers.
It wasn't insane, they lost possibly one a/c on JP ops to enemy action. Flying low level is inherently dangerous but if you don't own the battlespace it's where you operate. Still train for it.
Jag actually got CBU-87 to allow it drop from ML as BL-755 was low level all the way - the also got CRV 7, which kind of negates ML as did the large number of 30mm rounds used strafing