Two issues from the European Union which I am delighted to say will have the effect of rendering Prime Minister Harry Flashman and his Coalition acolytes incandescent with rage. I post them here since you are likely to be kept in ignorance of them by the UK media. The first is the judgment of the Grand Chamber of Court of Justice of the European Union has handed down on 24[SUP]th[/SUP] January 2012 in the case of Maribel Dominguez v Centre informatique du Centre Ouest Atlantique  C‑282/10 following a reference from the French Court de cassation regarding the interpretation of Article 7 of Council Directive 2003/88/EC Right to paid annual leave. The court held that the Directive must be interpreted as precluding member states from unilaterally limiting the entitlement to paid annual leave conferred on all workers by applying preconditions for such entitlement which has the effect of preventing certain workers from benefitting from it not are they entitled to make the existence of the right subject to any preconditions whatsoever. Moreover, the court confirm that the Directive has direct effect which means that any court or tribunal at any level must give effect to the Directive at the suit of any UK European Citizen by setting aside, if necessary, any inconsistent national law which conflicts with it. In other words, the right to four weeks paid annual holiday cannot be the subject of exception, exemption, proviso, qualification or excuse either imposed as a matter of contract or by state fiat. The second development is the decision of the European Commission to refer the United Kingdom to the Court of Justice of the European Communities for abolishing the "remedy for repayment of taxes paid in mistake of law" without proper transitional rules.