Had the World not been shown that a small insurgency and militias could bring the US-led coalition in Iraq and the NATO intervention in Afghanistan to what has at times been a defeat, would the uprisings of the (extended) Arab Spring have happened? Has the failure in Basra under the British and the stalemate in securing the Dashte, the poppy harvest and more rural parts of Helmand given confidence to insurgents around the world and a blueprint for if not defeating, delaying any victory possible. In short, have we shown the weakness of state armies? Have we shown our hand and tactics to our potential enemies? Did this give confidence to those oppressed peoples who are now constantly on the news fighting their national armies? Please let this not turn into a debate about successes in Afghanistan or Iraq, the question is more about the nature of contemporary conflict outside those theatres and the nature of future conflict in their wake.