FRom Political Violence @ A Glance Democracy and Militarism My bold, well in a US context median income to me means about $45K PA, paying mostly state an payroll taxes, what is now the main US tax base. Solid blue collar people, not doing that well. More than half of Americans earn less than this. In other countries they'd be working class. Both the low and high deciles tend not to seek millitary service, it's a mostly lower middle class military so service and the entitlements tand dangers hat come with it probably are not a huge factor but such voters certainly do show an eagerness for the jobs that come with defense pork. That's been one of the engines of US prosperity for over a century. I'm not finding it very plausible that they are rationally calculating the benefits to them versus their social betters, this would over play the economic side of this blue collar folk in the US do tend to be intensely patriotic and proud of the countries millitary power, the militaristic urge is an emotional rather fanciful thing. US blue collar voters are certainly happy that conscription ended, as it fell largely on them in most of history. This idea has some application in the UK but it's slighter, the defense budget is smaller and Brits have a very ambiguous attitude to the millitary, mostly admiring but projecting national power isn't so central to their identity. Indeed they've quietly voted mostly to spend revenues on welfare mostly for the elderly instead. Israelis on the other hand are still conscripted and a lot are rather unhappy about it but feel it's a civic duty. It's entirely understandable that the IDF accepting high casualty rate is not going to play well with voters. They also have genuine defensive concerns, their security rests on the regional dominance of their high tech military power. Lots of Israelis also benefit from defense pork, it's what built the country's fine technological base.