Churchill used the tactics of Sinn Feins Michael Collins


War Hero
For the WWII Resistance movements, and for their British backers in SOE who had been ordered by Prime Minister Winston Churchill to "set Europe ablaze," they were freedom fighters. Their clandestine work of sabotage and ambush, destroying bridges and railroads, assassinating German officials and their local collaborators, was a wholly justifiable tactic of a war of national liberation. And it was the Nazi occupiers of Europe during World War II who characterized the work of the French and Czech and Polish Resistance movements, as backed by Britain's Special Operations Executive, as 'terrorism."

Copyright 2000 The Press Association Limited

Press Association


James Morrison, Showbusiness Correspondent, PA News

Sir Winston Churchill used the tactics of Sinn Fein strategist Michael Collins as a blueprint for a British wartime guerrilla force, a TV film will claim tomorrow.

Churchill's Secret Army, which begins a three-part run on Channel 4, focuses on the saboteurs Churchill established in 1940 to combat the Germans covertly from bases around Europe.

And the opening episode shows how, in recently-released documents, he sought to model them on the early Irish paramilitaries.

In one ministerial instruction referred to in the programme, he said: "We must do to the Germans what Sinn Fein has been doing to us."

According to the documentary, Churchill first began planning an underground "resistance" when he stumbled on a War Office scheme drawn up in 1938, on becoming both Prime Minister and Defence Minister in 1940.

The plan had been devised amid growing fears Britain could one day be faced with a Nazi invasion.

After persuading his War Cabinet of the need to form a covert force poised to create popular uprisings against the Nazis should this ever befall, he set up the Special Operations Executive (SOE).

A Channel 4 spokeswoman said of the film: "It gives an insight into Churchill's fascination for the sabotage tactics of guerilla warfare, and shows how he used these very techniques to fight the Germans.

"It also shows how he was influenced by methods used by the likes of Michael Collins and Sinn Fein."

Copyright 1986 Times Newspapers Limited

The Times (London)

March 12, 1986, Wednesday

IRA fight extradition (153) /SCT


Two convicted IRA terrorists appeared in court in Amsterdam yesterday to fight an attempt by Britain to extradite them. Brendan McFarlane and Gerard Kelly were arrested in Amsterdam on January 16.

They escaped from the Maze Prison in Belfast in September 1983 in a mass break-out. They were serving life sentences for murder and other acts of terrorism.

A third man arrested with them, William Kelly, aged 26, was put on a flight to Dublin as an undesirable alien after being held for two weeks by the Dutch. He was arrested on arrival in Dublin but subsequently released.

McFarlane and Kelly are fighting their extradition on the ground that their activities were political.

Mr Gerry Adams, the Sinn Fein leader, who attended the hearing, likened the two men to Dutch resistance fighters during the Nazi occupation of The Netherlands during the Second World War.
Michael Collins, who orchestrated the Anglo-Irish war of 1919-1921 had a more succinct principal behind his campaign of intelligence, assassination, and propaganda: create "bloody mayhem."

Guerrilla tactics

After 1945, 'terrorists' took on a new meaning and fear as they worked against the declining empire. The word had first been applied to state terror, as practised in the Reign of Terror after the French Revolution, but by the 1940s it was being used to mean (said the Oxford English Dictionary ) 'a member of a clandestine or expatriate organisation aiming to coerce an established government by acts of violence against it or its subjects'.

The first instance recorded by the OED was in 1947: 'The latest and worst of the outrages committed by the Jewish terrorists in Palestine - the blowing up of the King David hotel in Palestine.' But when the state of Israel was proclaimed the next year, the word soon became associated with Palestinians.

Guerrillas are often characterised as terrorists by their opponents. Guerrillas are in danger of not being recognized as combatants because they may not wear a uniform, (to mingle with the local population), or their uniform and distinctive emblems may not be recognised as such by their opponents. Article 44, sections 3 and 4 of the 1977 First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions, "relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts", does recognise combatants who, due to the nature of the conflict, do not wear uniforms as long as they carry their weapons openly during military operations. This gives non-uniformed guerrillas lawful combatant status against countries that have ratified this convention.

In 1942 Czech agents trained by British SOE parachuted in by the RAF assassinated the SS leader Reinhard Heydrich in Prague, similar tactics were used against the British in Palestine by Israeli "terrorists" (or freedom fighters) like the future Prime Ministers Menachem Begin and Yitzhak Shamir. For example, the Zionist organization Irgun preceded many of its attacks (notably the 1946 King David Hotel, the military HQ section, bombing) with warnings to the press, the target, or the authorities of the British Mandate of Palestine. They were nevertheless considered terrorists by the British.

Many Jews were trained and armed by the same SOE as saboteurs in the event of a German invasion of Palestine - men who had also served in the British army during the Second World War.They Jews who had been trained for covert missions, but they were accused of putting their nationalist aspirations before the general war effort.

One of them was Amos, decorated by the British as a war hero for his service behind German lines, was one of the more than 25,000 Jewish Palestinians who served in the British Armed Forces in World War Il. In 1943 he was granted a leave from service in Cairo and returned to Palestine. Shamir, ordered Amos, who would return to Egypt after his leave, to establish an organization capable of killing Moyne.

By 1943 as news regarding Nazi persecution of Jews in Europe increased, the Irgun and Stern Gang stepped up harassment of British forces in an attempt to obtain unrestricted Jewish immigration. In November 1944, Lord Moyne. He was responsible for implementing the White Paper that blocked Jews from entering Palestine even during the Holocaust.

He was responsible for implementing the White Paper that blocked Jews from entering Palestine even during the Holocaust. Moyne asserted his prime rationale for turning back every Jewish refugee, "preventing the influx of Nazi agents under the cloak of refugees."

On the same time Reinhard Heydrich, the notorious German overlord of Czechoslovakia and presumed successor to Hitler, thought to have been killed by chemically-infected grenade in the assassination plot masterminded by British intelligence, Special Operations Executive (SOE).

on 2 July 1975, "The Evening Star" of Aukland revealed that the bodies of the two executed assassins had been exchanged for 20 Arab prisoners to be buried at the "Heros Monument" in Jerusalem. The British government deplored that Israel should honor assassins as heros.
mora said:
Michael Collins, who orchestrated the Anglo-Irish war of 1919-1921 had a more succinct principal behind his campaign of intelligence, assassination, and propaganda: create "bloody mayhem."

Collins made every effort to avoid a civil war. He drafted a new constitution which he hoped would be acceptable to the Republicans. The rebels had been Collins' comrades-in-arms and he desperately wanted to avoid such a tragedy, but his efforts failed. In a controversial move, he armed both pro- and anti-Treaty IRA members in the North to defend the Catholic population, but by resorting to violence against the Treaty terms in the North, he legitimised armed resistance in the South. On 6 July 1922, the Provisional Government appointed a Council of War and Collins became Commander-in-Chief of the national Army.

Also you mention "Sinn Fein's Michael Collins"? Sinn Fein was established in 1905 by Arthur Griffith and I think you will find Eamon De Valera had more to do with Sinn Fein than Michael Collins did!!..
Churchill admired Collins personally, and was highly amused at the fact that the British placed a higher price on Collins' head than the Boers had placed on his. Even in later years, Churchill was said to have become upset at the mention of Collins' name. He probably saw in Collins a kindred spirit.
...Reinhard Heydrich...thought to have been killed by chemically-infected grenade...
Pardon? He had a spleen full of horse hair and was killed by the fact the square-heads didn't want a Czechoslovakian Doctor coming near him so his wound got infected before they could get a German one. Mind you he'd probably have fallen victim to the shortcomings of 1940s medicine anyway with that sort of wound.

Op. Anthropoid look it up.

I can recommend the pub across the road from the church where 8 or so Czechs & Slovaks held off 600 of the ubermensch before committing suicide to avoid capture. U Parasutistu is the name - 8 pints for £3.50! :D

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