As did the Russians. And again, contrary to received wisdom, German scientists and engineers were actively recruited and willingly went to work in Russia. They were extremely well paid and often given their own research institutes. They could take their families and servants and were housed on a lavish scale. The Soviets weren’t fussed about NSDAP or SS affiliations. However, when Sputnik was launched in 1957, the American quip was “their Germans are better than our Germans”. In 1950-51 Stalin had a purge of German scientists (some were held In Purdah for 2 years) and they then returned to the West. So much of the effort of the Soviet space programme was home-grown; the Soviets had been experimenting extensively with rocketry in the 1920s and 30s.And the weather...
But in all seriousness, the U.S. had deeper pockets to "recruit."
The chief engineer from Peenemünde, and perhaps second only to Von Braun was Walter “Papa” Reidel, who worked at both Farnborough and Westcott, developing the rocket engines for Blue Streak and Black Knight. However, he met his untimely end in a hit and run in East Berlin in 1966. Suspicious?
ETA: the File surrounding his death won’t be released at the National Archives for about another 49 years...
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