...less than three feet or more than three miles otherwise the bees simply return to the original location of the hive!I can't remember the exact distance, if you're keeping it at the same site, less than 6'? If you're moving it to a new site, it has to be at least 3 miles away. Bees usually fly within a mile and a half radius from their hive. If you move the hive 6'+, they'll head for the old position. Similarly should the hive be less than 3 miles distance. It can pick up the old flight path, but the hive isn't there anymore.
I had to move a hive from one side of the house to the other a couple of years ago and could only move the hive three feet every six hours or so. I got fed up and moved it four feet and the bees revolted.. they climbed up the wall of the house next to where the hive had been and just sat there moaning.. Having left them for a couple of hours and still no movement, I moved the hive a foot back. Almost immediately a queue formed down the wall, across the path and up into the hive and in about ten minutes, they were all back in.. you could almost hear them tutting as they went back....