Sortof.Actually the Soviets developed the doctrine of 'Deep Battle' in the thirties, the same time the Germans were developing Blitzekrieg. The problem was that Uncle Joe had most of the Generals who developed it shot in the great terror in the late thirties.
When the Germans invaded in 1941 most Soviet commanders were terrified of making a decision without referering it to Stalin by which point it was too late to break out of any encirclement.
Deep battle was effectively killed off before the purge, not least because the military simply could not actually implement the doctrine with the equipment and training standards that they had at the time. Tukhachevsky and Yegorov were coming up with great strategic ideas to the point that it was accepted as official doctrine in the 1930s, but when Sediakin took a long hard look at how to actually implement it (a two-year analysis), he realised it was impossible. It was a wonderful ideal, unachievable in practice, so doctrine had to revert back to the pre Deep battle concepts. That proponents like Tukhachevsky got purged certainly didn't help matters, but the star for deep battle had already faded. Deep battle wouldn't really be feasible on the level of equipment, let alone training, until after the Germans invaded.