46(m) HAA Regiment

I was with the 46th from 1948 to 1950. We did a practice camp at Towyn, west Wales and Bude in Cornwall. I went to Depot RA at Woolwich for the RA Clerks course in April 1949. I became Battery Clerk on 117 Battery. I can't find any reference to the regiment or when they disbanded. The first CO was Major Kinghorn he was replaced by Major Bailward.

Where can we find (apart from RA museum) Battery lineage?

My Battery history room is a bit sparse and if I am to go to Woolwich (closing down, dishing out goodies), I would like to know which Batteries mine had been in previous incarnations and which Regiments they served with.

Recent history (post 60s) is relatively clear, but the re-numbering in 48 (?) muddies the waters slightly.

I seem to remember reading a document or book once that showed current units and batteries and where they had come from. Or am I barking?
There was a series run duringnthe late 1950's in The Gunner which showed the lineage for Batteries it ran over a number of issues. I was trying to put it together into a spreadsheet, but got sidetracked. I'll see what I can find out, but no promises.

Incidentally, I'm not that old! I'm just really sad and collect The Gunner!!
It is of particular interest now, as the Gunner heritage moves to Larkhill, less stuff can be displayed, more units have disappeared and more sub-units have popped up - history rooms need to be stocked with goodies. Better on display than rotting in a store room in Woolwich/Larkhill.

Unsurprisingly though, most decent stuff seems to already be in Regimental hands, or is too nice to give to Batteries to display!
Agreed, there is too much Regimental/Battery heritage hidden away, when it should be on display for all to see and appreciate.

Reference the Battery titles list, if anyone is inerested, I will try and finish itn off and make the whole thing available to anyone who wants a copy.
Not quite the same - I hoped it would have precedence and honour titles etc but very useful nonetheless. RA Aide Memoir culled from HQDRA Intranet, below.




An Aide – Memoire

Events from the History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery

1346 Battle of Crécy. First recorded use of cannon.
1544 Term "Train of Artillery" noted for the first time.
1678 Appointment of Master Gunner of Whitehall and St James's Park instituted.
1716 First two Companies of Artillery formed by Royal Warrant at Woolwich.
1720 Title "Royal Artillery" first used.
1722 Royal Regiment of Artillery of 4 Companies formed.
1741 Royal Military Academy formed in Royal Arsenal at Woolwich.
1748 Presidential Artilleries of Bengal, Madras and Bombay formed.
1756 Royal Irish Regiment of Artillery formed.
1762 RA Band formed in Minden (oldest British orchestra).
1782 RA moved to current RA Barracks (Front Parade) on Woolwich Common.
1793 First Troops of Royal Horse Artillery formed.
1801 Royal Irish Regiment of Artillery incorporated into the Royal Artillery.
1805 RMA moved to Woolwich Common for RA and RE officers.
1819 Rotunda given by Prince Regent to celebrate end of Napoleonic Wars. – First military museum and training centre.
1832 Regimental Mottoes granted.
1855 Control of the Royal Artillery was transferred from the Board of Ordnance to the War Department.
1859 School of Gunnery established at Shoeburyness, Essex.
1862 Presidential Artilleries of Bengal, Madras and Bombay transferred to the Royal Artillery.
1899 The Royal Regiment divided into two distinct Branches:
Royal Horse and Royal Field Artillery
Royal Garrison Artillery.
1920 Rank of Bombardier instituted in the Royal Artillery.
1924 The Royal Regiment once more became one Regiment.
1947 The Riding Troop RHA was renamed The King's Troop RHA.
1951 The appointment of Colonel-in-Chief became Captain General.

Traditions of the Royal Artillery

Precedence. The Royal Horse Artillery, when on parade with its guns, takes precedence over all other Regiments and Corps of the British Army. Otherwise the precedence is LG and RHG/D, RHA, RAC, RA followed by other Arms and Services.

Colours. The Colours of the Royal Regiment of Artillery are its Guns or Guided Weapons. When on parade on Ceremonial occasions the Guns and Guided Weapons are to be accorded the same compliments as the Standards, Guidons and Colours of the Cavalry and Infantry.

Mottoes and Arms. The Regimental Mottoes and Arms were granted by King William IV in 1832.


• Ubique – Everywhere,
• Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt - Where Right and Glory Lead.

A general Regimental Order was published in 1833 which stated that the word ‘Ubique’ was to be substituted in lieu of all other terms of distinction hitherto borne on any part of the Dress or Appointments, throughout the whole Regiment. The motto ‘Ubique’ thus took the place of all battle honours conferred on the Regiment prior to that date and all which have been earned by the regiment since then. The Regiment proudly refers to ‘Ubique’ as its Battle Honour.

Arms. The Badge of the Regiment is the Royal Arms and Supporters over a gun with the mottoes Ubique and Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt on scrolls above and below the gun. (See front piece).

Regimental Marches. The following Regimental marches may be played at concerts, guest nights ‘At Homes’ and similar occasions in the order given. When only one Regimental march is played the Royal Artillery Slow March is to be used.

• The Royal Artillery Quick March (from 1983 to date) - an arrangement of the British Grenadiers and the Voice of the Guns.
• The Regimental Trot Past – The Keel Row.
• The Regimental Gallop Past - Bonnie Dundee.
• The Royal Artillery Slow March (from c.1836 to date).

Patron Saint. St Barbara, whose Saint’s Day is 4 December.

Tie. The Regimental tie is a zigzag red line on a blue background. The line represents the lightning which, according to legend, killed Dioscorus in retribution for beheading his daughter Barbara for refusing to marry a heathen suitor. Before her death she turned to Christianity and was later canonized. In the early ages St Barbara was frequently invoked to grant safety during thunderstorms and on the advent of artillery, became the Patron Saint of Gunners.

Badges, Crests & Cyphers. The Regimental Cap Badge and Crest is a Gun surmounted by a Crown with the Regimental Mottoes on scrolls above and below the gun (approved 1902). The Royal Horse Artillery Cap Badge and Crest is the Royal Cypher encircled by a Garter bearing the Royal Motto ‘Honi Soit Qui Mal Y Pense’ – ‘Woe to he who thinks ill of it’. It is surmounted by a Crown over a scroll bearing the words Royal Horse Artillery, the badge has no backing and the centre is not coloured. (Granted in 1948). The Regimental Monogram consists of the letters R and A reversed and interlaced and surmounted by a Crown. The Monogram may be used instead of the Crest on note - paper etc. The Grenade badge has been used since at least 1831 and has been worn mainly as a collar badge but also as a cap badge for the field service cap. Although called the ‘Grenade’ badge its artillery origin is that of a mortar shell. It was originally without the ‘Ubique’ scroll.

Standard. The Royal Artillery Standard (Approved in 1947) is for ceremonial use only and flown by RA Headquarters and formations, units and sub units during visits by Royalty and the Master Gunner, the representative Colonel Commandant and the DRA. When flown at a Regimental Headquarters the Regimental Number is inserted in white Arabic numerals in the lower portion.

Regimental Flag. The Regimental Flag is flown for day to day use at Headquarters but is not carried on parade.

Trumpet Calls. The following trumpet calls are authorised for the Royal Artillery: The RA Regimental Call, The RHA Regimental Call and the King's Troop RHA Call.

Honour Titles. Honour Titles may be granted to individual batteries to commemorate exceptional acts of service by the unit or a major part thereof. They are not to be confused with Battle Honours such as are conferred on cavalry and infantry regiments.

Alliances, Affiliations and Bonds of Friendship. The Royal Regiment of Artillery has alliances with the Artilleries of other nations and affiliations with other regiments and naval ships. Some batteries are able to wear honorary distinctions in recognition of services in the field.

The Royal Artillery Collect. The Royal Artillery Collect may be used on occasions when appropriate.
• Lord Jesus Christ, who dost everywhere lead Thy people in the way of righteousness, vouchsafe so to lead the Royal Regiment of Artillery that wherever we serve, on land or sea or in the air, we may win the glory of doing Thy will.

Salutes. Gun Salutes are fired at set Saluting Stations as laid down in Queen’s Regulations for the Army. On other appropriate occasions a Feu-de-Joie may be fired when authorised.

Ceremonial Units.

The King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery. The King's Troop RHA forms part of the Household Troops. The Troop carries out ceremonial duties as ordered by General Officer Commanding The Household Division, in particular the firing of Artillery Salutes on State occasions.

The Royal Artillery Band. The RA Band is one of 8 State bands and is commanded by a Director of Music and under the presidency of the Regt Col.

Mess Customs.

The Regimental Grace. The Regimental Grace as formerly used at the Royal Military Academy Woolwich will normally be used in messes:
• For what we are about to receive - Thank God.

The Loyal Toast. The following is the procedure for drinking the Loyal Toast in Officers' Messes of the Royal Artillery. After the port has been passed round the President will tap the table, stand up and say, "Mr Vice - The Queen - Our Captain General". If the Vice President is a female officer the phrase Madam Vice will be used. Everyone will then stand up with glass in hand. The Vice President, will say "Ladies and Gentlemen - The Queen". If a band is present the National Anthem will then be played in full before the Toast is drunk. After the Vice President has spoken or the band has finished playing, each officer, whatever his rank, will say 'The Queen' before drinking the Toast, no other words will be added. In the Royal Artillery Mess, Woolwich, there is no Vice President. The President announces the Loyal Toast in the fashion, 'Ladies & Gentlemen - The Queen, Our Captain General'. If a band is present the National Anthem will be played in full.

Passing Snuff. Snuff is passed after the second round of Port. On receiving the snuff box an officer should, if taking snuff, tap once, open the box, take snuff, close the box, tap again and pass. If not taking snuff, tap three times and pass.

Annual Events

Royal Artillery Day. (26 May) The Anniversary of the formation of the Regiment is Royal Artillery Day.

St Barbara's Day (4 December). St Barbara may be celebrated by church parades or social functions and may be observed instead of Royal Artillery Day. St Barbara's Day is an appropriate day for exchanges of greetings or celebrations in conjunction with the Artilleries of allied foreign armies.

Remembrance Day. The Royal Artillery Ceremony of Remembrance takes place annually on Remembrance Sunday at the Royal Artillery Memorial at Hyde Park Corner.

Spring & Alamein Dinners. These prestigious dinners are held at the RA Mess Woolwich in the Spring and Autumn of each year and are opportunities to entertain both VIP and personal guests. All officer of the Regiment may attend (space providing).


The Captain General. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. The title, which was taken into use in 1951, superseded that of the Colonel in Chief of the Royal Artillery. It was His Majesty King George VI, whilst dining in the Royal Artillery Mess at Woolwich, in December 1950, who expressed his wish to be known by that title. The title had been used previously in the 17th & 18th Centuries and was the most senior of General Officer ranks.

The Master Gunner. The Master Gunner is the head of the Regiment in all Regimental matters and the channel of communication between the Regiment and the Captain-General. The appointment was instituted in 1678 and was originally known as Master Gunner of Whitehall & St James's Park. The earlier Master Gunners were responsible for the artillery defence of Whitehall Palace and the Palace of Westminster. The appointment of Master Gunner St James's Park is held by a distinguished Royal Artillery Officer selected by the Captain-General on the advice of the Colonels Commandant and has honorary status over all Commonwealth Artilleries.
Colonels Commandant. The Colonels Commandant Royal Artillery are appointed to assist the Master Gunner in his duties. Although the establishment of Colonels Commandant is 24, a voluntary limit of 10 was adopted in 1996 of whom 2 may be Colonels Commandant Royal Horse Artillery.

Representative Colonel Commandant. Each year the Master Gunner nominates one of the Colonels Commandant to act as Representative Colonel Commandant Royal Regiment of Artillery. The tour of duty is from 1st April to 31st March. The duties include visiting Royal Artillery stations and units and representing the Regiment at public events. He may also be asked to deputise for the Master Gunner on appropriate occasions.

Honorary Colonels Commandant. Up to 3 gentlemen of distinction with Gunner connections may be appointed as Honorary Colonels Commandant.

The Director Royal Artillery. The Director Royal Artillery is the professional head of the Regiment.

The Royal Artillery Sergeant Major. The RASM, created in 1989 is the senior WO1 in the Regimental responsible for providing advice on all soldier matters to the Master Gunner and the DRA.

The Regimental Controller/Comptroller. The Regimental Controller/ Comptroller is usually a Colonel Commandant who is appointed by the Master Gunner to act as Controller of the Royal artillery Institution and Comptroller of the Royal Artillery Charitable Fund and the Royal Artillery Association. As such he is Chairman of the RAI Committee and Chairman of the Board of Management of the RACF and the RAA. He also oversees the affairs of the Retired Regiment and acts as the link between it and the Master Gunner and the DRA.

The Regimental Secretary. The Regimental Secretary is responsible for the management and supervision of the Regimental Secretariat, the day to day business of the RAI and coordination of the Master Gunner’s activities.

The General Secretary. The General Secretary is responsible for Regimental Welfare and Comradeship. He manages the day to day running of the RACF, the RAA and the Kelly Holdsworth Trust.

Honorary Colonels. All TA Gunner Units have Honorary Colonels appointed by Her Majesty The Queen on the recommendation of the Military Secretary, the Master Gunner and the DRA. They are recognised army appointments.

Honorary Regimental Colonels. Every Regular Gunner Unit has an Honorary Regimental Colonel appointed by the Master Gunner in consultation with the DRA.


The Regimental Council of the Royal Artillery. The Regimental Council of the Royal Artillery was established in 1996 and consists of the Master Gunner's Committee, the Royal Artillery Institution Committee and the Board of Management of the Royal Artillery Charitable Fund/ Royal Artillery Association.

The Royal Artillery Institution. The RAI founded in 1838, is responsible for Funds, Property and support to the serving Regiment including sports, the Band, historical affairs, ceremonies and events, management and improvement of Regimental capital property, central messes, publications, and direct support to Units, recruiting and education.

The Royal Artillery Charitable Fund. The RACF is the Regimental Charitable Fund of the Royal Artillery, it dates from1839 when it was formed to provide relief for wives and children and non commissioned officers and privates of the Royal Artillery embarked on foreign service. It acts as the welfare agency for all serving and retired Gunners and their families in need.

The Royal Artillery Association. The RAA was formed in 1920 to provide a network in every part of the British Isles and Commonwealth where feasible to assist with welfare of Artillery men and women, their families and dependants. It is a registered Charity whose Patron is Her Majesty The Queen.

The National Artillery Association. The NAA was formed in 1863. It aims are to advance and promote the science and practice of artillery in the TA through competitions. This they continue to support.

The Royal Artillery Councils of Scotland and Northern Ireland.
These councils represent the Regimental interests on a wide range of local issues.

Regimental Publications.
• Gunner magazine (monthly)
• Royal Artillery Journal (6 monthly)
• Blue List (annually).

Regimental Prizes.

• The Royal Artillery Honours and Awards Panel meets annually to award prizes for service to the Regiment by officers and soldiers.
• The RAI also award prizes for work in connection with the development of Artillery matters. Details can be obtained from the Regimental Secretary.
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